Astrology

A Dictionary Of Jaimini Astrology – Jaimin¢ Padak°¿aÆ

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Raghavendra Rao hails from Tirupati, a well known pilgrimage centre, in India. He has studied M.A. Indian Culture and M.A. Astrology.  He has published 30 articles in Telugu and edited and published Four Unpublished Palm Leaf Manuscripts in Telugu language and Translated and published Six Books into English.  He is deeply interested in bringing out rare manuscripts, translated into English for the benefit of astrology lovers worldwide. Saptarishis Astrology honors the spirit of Shri Raghavendra Rao.

Jaimin¢ Padak°¿aÆ        Written by      V.Raghavendra Rao

M.A -Indian Culture

 M.A -Astrology

Foreword

The need of the hour today is Jaimini astrology as it is part of our shastras which has been ignored by most parts of india, due to several conveniences of Parasari Astrology and also most Gurus of todays lore do not possess any knowledge on Jaimini astrology to call it a part of the jyotish shastra. Yet one finds that the new breed of astrologers have taken a deep interest in Jaimini astrology thanks to the efforts of some of the yesteryear astrologers and also modern Gurus. Shri Raghavendra Rao who is famous for presenting rare materials transalted presents for the first time a dictionary on Jaimini astrology which should be helpful to the young reader to cross the mighty ocean of Jaimini astrology.

 

Achada/Chada-(Ëcc¡da /Ch¡da-Énù/+ÉSUôÉnù): Mantle –  cover  like a lid

Adhimitra (Adhimitra-ʨÉjÉ): Complete friendly

Adhisatru – (Adhi¿at¤ vɶÉiÉÞ) Complete enemy

Affliction – Adverse planetary effect. It forms in many ways, (1) placement of planets in the 6th, 8th, or 12th houses or their rulership of these houses;

(2) association of a house or a planet with malefic áani, Kuja, or R¡hu; (3)occupation of Bh¡daka planets in a house or their association with any other planet;

(4) Combustion (5) association of Ravi with áani, R¡hu or K®tu. Affliction is also caused to a planet if it occupies an inauspicious   Nakshatra

Adrusyashatka (Ad¤¿yaÀa¶ka +où¶ªÉ¹É]ÂõEò) (Invisible six) starting from 7th Bh¡va up to 12th Bh¡va.

Alpa Madhyayu (Alpa- madhy¡yu {ɨÉvªÉɪÉÖ) Indication of early death in the starting period of Medium Longivity (See Longivity)

Alpa Poornayu(Alpa- p£r¸¡yu {É{ÉÚhÉÉǪÉÖ) indica-tion of death at the beginning stage of P£r¸¡yu (See Longivity)

Alpapayu – (Alp¡lp¡yu {ÉɪÉÖ) very Short lived Short span of life. Those who die very young. The exact duration of this short span depend upon the life expectancy prevalent in the culture of the native under consideration. As a general rule, the period of Alp¡yu extends up to 32 years of age.(see longevity)

Amatyakaraka (Am¡tyak¡raka ¨ÉÉiªÉEòÉ®úEò) The planet which is placed in Lesser degrees than Ëtmak¡raka Signifi-cator for Minister

Antardasa – (Antarda¿a +xiÉnÇùÉ) Second division among the Da¿asDa¿a, Antarda¿a, Vida¿a, Pr¡¸ada¿a,  S£kÀmada¿a

Anthyasankhyaka (Antyasa´kh¡ka +xiªÉºÉÆJªÉÉEò) The planet placed in lesser degrees in a sign

Antyagraha (AÆtyagraha +ÆiªÉOɽþ) A planet which has moved lesser degrees in a sign.

Apachaya Rasi (Apacaya r¡¿¢ +{ÉSɪɮúÉÊÉ) 1st, 2nd, 4th, 7th, 10th  signs

Aparashatka(AparaÀa¶ka +{É®ú¹É]ÂõEò) From 7th to 12th signs from Lagna

Apokleema (Ëp°kl¢ma +É{ÉÉäC±ÉÒ¨É) Cendent  Houses – 3rd, 6th, 9th,12th left side signs to 1st ,4th 7th ,10th signs

Argala  (Arga½a +MÉdzý) For the aspecting planets, the planets placed in 11th, 4th, 2nd  blocks the rays of the aspecting planets  a latch, a bar, or a bolt used for fastening a door or the cover of a vessel. Figuratively, it refers to something intervening as an obstruction. In Jaimini astrology it is used to describe the obstructing effect of an intervening planet. It assumes that planets and signs of the zodiac affect other planets and signs by their aspects. These influences can be nullified by the presence of certain planets at certain places relative to these planets and signs. Such obstructing planets are known as Arga½as.)

Arudha (Ër£·ha +É°üfø) Starting from lagna count number of signs up to Lagn¡dhipati  where placed, count the same number of signs forward and fix the sign as Lagan¡r£·ha, similarly for the remaining 12 signs Ër£·ha is to be fixed

Arudhadhana (Ër£·ha dhana +É°üføvÉxÉ) Second pada

Arudhajaya (Ër£·ha jaya +É°üføVɪÉ) Seventh pada

Arudhalabha (Ër£·ha l¡bha+É°üfø±ÉɦÉEleventh pada

Arudhalagna (Ër£·ha Lagna +É°üfø±ÉMxÉ) first pada Synonyms – Vijµ¡na, P£rva, Vidhi, VyanjanaÆ PadaÆ, Nimittam, h¡vam, R£vam, N¡ma, Prad®¿aÆ, Ër£·haÆ (used by Yavanas) same as Lagnarudha / Lagn¡r£·ha.

Arudhalagnadhipati (Ër£·halagn¡dhipati +É°üfø±ÉMxÉÉÊvÉ{ÉÊiÉ) Sign lord of Ër£·halagna

Arudhamantra (Ër£·hamantra +É°üZɨÉxjÉ) Fifth pada

Arudhanavama (Ër£·hanavama +É°üføxɴɨÉ) Nineth pada

Arudhavikrama – +É°üføÊ´ÉGò¨É Ër£·havikrama – 3rd Pada under Jaimini System

Arudharajya (Ër£·har¡jya +É°üfø®úÉVªÉ) Tenth pada

Arudhashasta  (Ër£·haÀaÀ¶a +É°üfø¹É¹]õ) Sixth pada

Arudhastama (Ër£·h¡À¶ama +É°üføɹ]õ¨É) Eighth pada

Arudhavahana (Ër£·hav¡hana +É°üfø´ÉɽþxÉ) Fourth pada

Aspect (D¤À¶i oùι]õ) Viewed, Seen, seeing, having relationship sight. Transference of planetary influences to another planet or house division as a result of their situation in relation to each other. Each planet has direct view on planets located seventh. Guru, Kuja, and áani possess additional aspects, such as Guru aspects 4th, 5th and 9th respectively; Kuja aspects 4th as well as 8th; and áani aspects 3rd and 10th besides their usual 7th aspect. These are full aspects; planets have three-quarters, half and a quarter aspects, too. These determine the strength of the impulse produced by their location. Full aspect produces 100% result, three-quarters 75% and  quarter aspect produces only 25% of the inherent results of the planet aspecting. Usually the aspects cover the entire house division on which the planet casts its aspect, yet the concentrated impact is restricted to a narrow range which differs for different planets. The range of concentration is known as D¢pt¡m¿a which is ±100 for the Ravi; – ± 50 for Chandra; ± 30 30′ for Budha; ±30 for Sukra; ±40 for Kuja, ±40 30′ for Guru and ±40 30′ for áani. Nodes do not have any aspect but some authorities assign them full aspect on the 5th, 7th, 9th and 12th houses, ¾ aspect on 2nd, and 10th and ½ aspect on 3rd, 4th, 6th, and 8th houses.)

 

Planets

Deeptamsa
(+) or  (-)

Full Aspect 
100%

75 % aspect

50% aspect

25% aspect

Ravi

100

7

4,8

9,5

10,3

Chandra

50

7

4.8

9,5

10,3

Merc

30 30′

7

4,8

9.5

10,3

Venu

30  

7

4,8

9,5

10,3

Kuja

40

4,7,8

Nil

9.5

10,3

Jupi

40 30′

5,7,9

4,8

Nil

10,3

Satu

40 30′

3,7,

10

4,8

9.5

nil

Astamadhipati (AÀ¶am¡dhipati +¶]õ¨ÉÉÊvÉ{ÉÊ) 8th lord

Asubha  (A¿£bha +¶ÉÖ¦É) inauspicious

Atmakaraka (Ëtmak¡raka +Éi¨ÉEòÉ®úEò) In a 30o sign the planet which has moved and placed in highest degrees  (significatior for Self)

Avastha (Avastha +´ÉºlÉ ) Disposition of a planet. It is classified in 10 categories, viz., (1) Deeptha (D¢pta)  illumi-nated or exalted; (2) Swastha, healthy, placed its own sign, (3) Mudita, joyous, placed in a friendly sign; (4) á¡nti, quiet, placed in auspicious subdivisions (5) á¡kta, Strong, (6) Vakra, in retrogration, (7) Peedita (P¢·ita), tormented, occupying the last quarter of a sign, (8)Vikala, mutilated, when a planet is combust, (9) Khala, mischievous when it is debilited, and (10) A¿ubha, inauspicious, when the planet is in its atichaara (Atic¡ra) accelerated motion.

Balarista (B¡l¡riÀ¶a ¤ÉɱÉÉÊ®ú¹]õ) Period of serious affliction with the likelihood of its causing death during the child’s infancy. There are three methods used for calculating it, which are known as Gandaristha, (Ga¸·¡riÀ¶a) and Patakaristha. P¡tak¡riÀ¶a). The first one occurs if a child is born at certain junction points of zodiacal signs or of Nakshatras M®Àa, Kark¡¶aka Simha, V¤¿cika Dhanus, and M¢na, M®Àa are considered inauspi-cious for this purpose. 1½ hour before the end of Ë¿l®Àa, Jy®À¶a, and R®vati, and the same duration before the beginning of Makha, M£la, and A¿vini is likely to cause infant mortality. Graharistha (Grah¡riÀ¶a      refers to certain weaknesses of planets at birth. Affliction of the Chandra is one such important factor. A weak Chandra aspected by malefic, and unsupported by any benefice produces the affliction, especially if it occupies the 3rd, 6th, 8th or the 12th house. In case the Chandra is strong and is aspected by the strong beneficial Guru, the evil effect is nullified. P¡tak¡riÀ¶a depends on intricate relationships between certain zodiacal signs.   This affliction is worked out on the basis of certain favorable or opposition relationships between certain planets and signs. Each sign is assigned certain numerical values based on the planet zodiacal relationships, on which basis the date of fatality is worked out.

Bhadhakadhipati (Bh¡dhak¡dhipati       ¦ÉÉvÉEòÉÊvÉ{ÉÊ) Lord of obstructions. A planet, which invariably creates difficulties whenever it gets a chance to do so. Such a planet has the capacity to destroy the   auspicious effects of lucky planets. There are several methods of identifying such a planet. The most extensive view is that the lords of the 11th, 9th or the 7th houses in a natal chart become dependent upon the ascendant or its lord, being placed in a cardinal, fixed or in a common sign

Bhagadhika (Bh¡g¡dhika ¦ÉÉMÉÉÊvÉEò) The planet which moved more number of degrees in a 30o sign

Bhava (Bh¡va ¦ÉÉ´É) Cusp – A house-division in a natal chart correspond-ding to the signification of a house. In equal house division chart, each       house measures 30 degrees and corres-ponds to a zodiacal sign. Depending upon the latitude, season, and time of birth, the size of different Bh¡v¡s in a horoscope may be different from one another, (under certain systems eg., KP system)

Bhagyadhipati – ¦ÉÉMªÉÉÊvÉ{ÉÊiÉ – Bh¡gy¡dhipati = 9th Lord

Bhavalagna Bh¡valagna ¦ÉɴɱÉMxÉ  From sunrise up to the time of birth, take the time in terms of Gha¶¢s (two and half Gha¶¢ is equal to one hour).  Divide it with five, add reminder with quotient, then take the week day of birth, ascertain where the week lord is placed in the Nav¡Æ¿a.  Now count clock-wise direction the number arrived and fix the sign as Bh¡va lagna.

Bhavantagraha – (Bh¡v¡ntagraha ¦ÉÉ´ÉÉxiÉOɽþ) the planet placed before a few degrees to Bh¡vasandhi

Bhavasandhi – (Bh¡vasandhi ¦ÉɴɺÉÆÊ) – Gap between the two Bh¡v¡s (cusps).  The borderline between two house divisions. Planets situated at these points are considered ineffective

Bheetagraha – (Bh¢tagraha ¦ÉÒiÉOɽþ) A planet placed in Cumbstion (See Avastha)

Bhogya – (Bh°gya ¦ÉÉäMªÉ) – remaining

Bhujangam  (BhujajµaÆ ¦ÉÖVÉÆMÉÆ) Middle Dr®kk¡¸a of a Fixed Sign

Bhukti – (Bhukti ¦ÉÖÊHò ) – used / completed

 Bhumiputra – (Bh£miputra  ¦ÉÚʨÉ{ÉÖjÉ) – Son of Earth – Kuja

Brahma – (Brahma ¥ÉÀ) Under Jaimini system computation of Brahma (1) ascertain the strongest sign among Lagna and Saptama (2) Ascertain the Odd sign in the anticlock direction to the strongest among Lagna and Saptama. (3) The Planet placed in the highest degree in that odd sign is called Brahma (4) If R¡hu is placed in lowest/lower degrees R¡hu is to be taken because R¡hu’s motion is Retrograde. (5) Planet placed in Odd sign, on the reverse direction of one of the strong R¡¿i among the Lagna and Saptama

Brathrukaraka – (Bhr¡t¤k¡raka §ÉÉiÉÞEòÉ®úEò) The planet which is placed in the next lesser degrees to Am¡tyak¡raka is known as Bhr¡t¤k¡raka.

Budha Planet Mercury

Chakrantha – (Cakr¡nta SÉGòÉxiÉ ) From Tula (Libra) Sign upto the end of M¢na (pieces)

Chakrardha Cakr¡rtha SÉGòÉlÉÇ) –From M®Àa (Aries) upto the end of Kanya R¡¿i  (Virgo)

Chamara –(C¡mara   SÉɨɮú) – A Fan which is made out of the hair of the tail /fur of animals.     

ChandraSÉxpù  – Moon

Chandrantagraha – (Candr¡ntagraha SÉxpùÉxiÉOɽþ) Take the sign where Chandra is placed.  If any planet is placed in more number of degrees in that sign, is Candr¡nta-graha.

CharaSÉ®ú      Movable

Chararasi – (Chara R¡¿i SÉ®ú®úÉʶÉ) Movable Signs – 5th 8th and 11th signs are movable signs

Chatra Umbralla

Chaturthamsa – (Caturth¡Æ¿a SÉiÉÖlÉÉȶÉ) Fourfold division of a zodiacal sign, each consisting of 70 30’. The planetary ownership of these divisions belongs to the sign lord for the first division, the lord of the 4th sign from it rules over the second division, the lord of the 7th sign from it over the 3rd division, and the lord of the both sign over the 4th  division.

Chaturthadhipati – (Caturth¡dhipati SÉiÉÖlÉÉÇÊvÉ{Éê) – 4th Lord

Daana – (D¡na ÉxÉ) – donation / Giveaway

Daridrayoga – (Daridray°gan ùÊ®úpùªÉÉäMÉ) Planetary Combination producing indigence and personal infirmities. Some of the   important ones are (1) Guru as lord of the 8th house or the Lagna exceeds the strength of the lord of the 9th house, and the lord of the 11th house is neither placed in a cardinal house nor is combust (2) Debilitated and combust Guru, Kuja, áani, or Budha occupies the 11th, 6th, 12th, 8th or the 5th Bh¡va. (3) áani in 9th house aspected by malefic planet(s) while Budha is associated with the Ravi and occupies the Lagna and has M¢na Nav¡Æ¿a. (4) Guru, Budha, Sukra, áani, and Kuja occupy in any order 8th, 6th, 12th, 5th, and 10th Bh¡v¡s, and the            lord of the 12th  house, weakened by Ravi‘s aspect, has greater strength than the Lagna lord. (5) Depressed Sukra, Guru, Chandra, and Kuja occupy any four of the 1st, 10th, 11th, 6th, 7th, and 8th Bh¡vas. (6) Sukra in Lagna in its debilitation sign, while Guru, Kuja, and Chandra are also in debilitation. (7) The ascendant is in a cardinal sip, while the rising Nav¡Æ¿a is aspected by áani and depressed Guru (8) In the above combination (No.7) even if      Guru is in the 6th or the 8th Bh¡va in a sign not belonging to itself, the same result follows (9) Lagna in a fixed sign, malefic in cardinal and trine houses in strength, and angles devoid of benefices make the individual to subsist on alms. (10)For night time births, Lagna in a cardinal sign, weak benefice planets occupy Kendras and Kona, and malefic not in cardinal houses will make the individual absolutely poor. (xi) Debilitated malefic will make the individual indulge in unethical acts, but debilitated benefices will succeed in        keeping his sins concealed; Guru for M®Àa Lagna posited in the 10th house, or Kuja for M¢na in the 5th  Daridra Y°ga makes individuals lead a disgraceful life. Persons born in Daridra Y°ga experiences different types of miseries, suffer deprivations of different intensities and meet unlucky and trying conditions of life. Their sorrows arise not only from indigence; their organs may be defective, their nature may be crafty, their speech unpleasant and they may be addicted to lust and gluttony. They earn by foul means. Their social life dishonorable. They meet unexpected failures in life.

Daasa – (D¡sa ɺÉ) – Male Servant

Dasa (Da¿a ¶É ) – Also known as planetary direction. It refers to the system according to which planetary ruler- ship at any specific period of one’s life is worked out. It shows the time when effective results of any planet, according to its natal position, can be experienced. Par¡¿ara enumerated 42 such Da¿as.  The specific system applicable to any Chart depends upon special planetary combinations in the chart. The basic consideration in all these systems is Chandra‘s natal position in an Nakshatra. On this basis the cyclical order of the periodicity of planetary ruler ship is worked out. Each planet is assigned a certain number of years for its ruler ship, and this number differs from one system to another. The following are some of the extensively used systems: (1) ViÆ¿°ttari: It has a total of 120 years, of which Ravi is assigned 6 years; Chandra, 10 years; Kuja, 7 years; R¡hu, 18 years; Guru, 16 years; áani, 19 years; Budha, 17 years; K®tu, 7 years; and Sukra, 20 years. This planetary sequence is adhered to in the system. The first Da¿a is of K®tu when Chandra occupies the very beginning of the first Nakshatra, viz., A¿vini 2)A¿¶°ttari: It has a total duration of 108 years. In this system, Ravi has a duration of 6 years; Chandra, 5 years; Kuja, 8 years; Budha, 17 years; áani, 10 years; Guru, 19 years; R¡hu, 12 years; and Sukra, 21 years. There is no rulership for K®tu under this system.      (3) á°·a¿°ttari: It has a complete planetary chain of 116 years. (4) Dv¡da¿°ttari system has a total of 112 years. (5) Panc°ttari has a complete cycle of 105 years. (6) áat¡bdik¡ has a planetary chain of 100 years.(7) CatuÀaÀ¶aÆ¿a Da¿a has a planetary chain of 84 years. Among these Da¿as, ViÆ¿°ttri  Da¿a is the most widely accepted and used system.  In certain parts of India A¿¶°ttar¢da¿a system is also employed to a limited extent.

Dasamapada – (Da¿amapada ¶É¨É{Énù) – 10th sign Ër£·ha in Jaimini System

Dasamadhipati – (Da¿am¡dhipati ¶É¨ÉÉÊvÉ{ÉÊ) – 10th Lord

Daasi(D¡si ÉʶÉ) – Female Servants

Deenagraha – (D¢nagraha ÒxÉOɽþ) – A planet placed in Deep debilitation (see Avastha)

Deeptavastha – (D¢pt¡vasta Ò{iÉɴɺlÉÉ) – A planet placed in deep exaltation (see Avastha)

Deeptagraha – (D¢ptagraha Ò{iÉOɽþ) A planet placed in deep exaltation (see Avastha)

Deeptamsa – (D¢pt¡Æ¿a) Range of an expecting planet; the focal point of an expecting planet; the orb within which the aspect of a planet can be effective. The 7th house aspect of a planet means transference of its influence to the 7th   house from which the planet is situated. It implies transference to the entire range of 300 of the house. In actual practice, it is not so. A planet placed towards the end of a sign does not effectively aspect a planet located towards the beginning of the seventh sign from it, though it is generally stated to be doing so. D¢pt¡Æ¿a indicates the area of maximum impact of an expecting planet. It is 150 for the Ravi, 120 for Chandra, 80 for Kuja, 70 for Budha, 90 for Guru, 70 for Sukra, and 90 for áani . The area of maximum impact extends over 1800 ± D¢pt¡Æ¿a

Dhanadhipati – (Dhan¡dhipati vÉxÉÉÊvÉ{ÉÊ) – 2nd Lord

Dhanarudham – (Dhan¡r£·ham vÉxÉÉ°üø) – 2nd sign/ Ër£·ha in Jaimini System

Dhanus vÉxÉÖººÉ– Dhanus – the Zodiac sign  Sagittarius

DharmavɨÉÇ Dharma –Fourth and Trine signs from Lagna are called as Dharma R¡¿¢s

Dheergayu  – (Dh¢rgh¡yu vÉÒPÉÉǪÉÖ) Long lived

Dhwaja – (Dhvaja v´ÉVÉ) – Kingly signs with Royal Flag – Flag; ensign; a symbol of honor. In astrology, it stands for the south node of Chandra, viz., K®tu

Digbala – (Digbala ÊnùM¤É±É) – Dig means – direction Bala means – strength. It refers to the strength of a planet acquired due to its location in a specific direction in a chart. It is worked out in several methods. According to one method, If Guru and Budha acquire full strength in the east (Lagna), Ravi and Kuja in the south the 10th house), áani in the west (descendant, or the 7th house), and Chandra and Sukra in the north (the 4th house). These positions bestow full scope to these planets to express their potential. They enjoy maximum directional strength in these places. Opposite to these directions, they obtain the minimal strength. According to another system, the Ravi acquires maximum Digbala in the north (the 4th house) from Kuja; Guru, in the west (the 7th house) from Budha, or the east (the 1st  house) in relation with áani, or the south in relation with Sukra and Chandra. There are some other variations in the above rule. Var¡hamihira gives Digbala to various Bh¡v¡s. If the 7th (west or the scendant) Bh¡va is occupied by a reptile sign, i.e., V¤¿cika, its Digbala is full. A Duel sign, e.g., Midhuna, Kanya, Tula, first half of Dhanus or Kumbha, gets their directional strength in full; in 1st house in relation to the ascendant. Watery signs such as Kark¡¶aka and M¢na have their full Digbala in 4th or the northern direction, and the quadrupeds, viz., M®Àa, V¤Àabha, Simha, second half of, Dhanus and the first half of Makara attain full Digbala in 10th or in the southern direction.

Drekkena – (Dr®kk¡¸a päùCEòÉhÉ) One-third division of a zodiacal sign, equal to 100 each. In each sign, the first division is ruled by the lord of the sign, the second by the lord of the 5th sign from it, and the last by the lord of the 9th from it. The three presiding deities of various Dr®kk¡¸as are N¡rada, Agastya and D£rv¡sa

Drigbala (D¤gbala ÊpùM¤É±É) – Strength of aspect – Strength derived from planetary aspects. These are feeble within 3000 (i.e., two houses behind it) to 300 (i.e., one house ahead of it). The maximum strength is obtained at 1800 (the 7th sign ahead of it). The general rule is slightly modified in relation with Guru, áani, and Kuja. The differences in drigbala are also due to the planets half and three quarter aspects. Drigbala is full at 1800 and is nil at the sign in which the planet is situated; it is 25% at 600 ahead, 75% at 900 ahead, after which it declines to 50% at 1200 and becomes nil at 1500. Between 1500 and 1800, the drigbala, or the Aspect Strength, gradually increases to the maximum

Drig Yoga – (D¤gy°ga MªÉÉäMÉ) – y°ga formed consequent on aspect / union of planets

Drushyashatka – (D¤¿yaÀa¶ka ¶ªÉ¹É]ÂõEò) Visible six – Starting from Lagna upto the end of 6th Bh¡va /Cusp

Drusti – (D¤À¶i ι]õ) – Same as aspect

Dwara Bahya (Dv¡ra-Bh¡hya É®ú ¦ÉÉÁ) The  particular Lagna is Dv¡ra for the Currently  running  Lagnada¿a.  Second R¡¿¢ is called Bh¡hya R¡¿¢.  In the 2nd R¡¿ida¿a  2nd itself is Dv¡ra and 2nd r¡¿¢ to the 3rd  is B¡hyar¡¿i.  3rd R¡¿¢ is Dv¡ra for 3rd R¡¿ida¿a, to that third r¡¿¢ Panchama r¡¿i is  B¡hyar¡¿i. During 4th R¡¿ida¿a 4th itself is Dv¡ra, 4th to the 4th R¡¿¢ ie., 7th is B¡hyar¡¿i likewise the remaining R¡¿¢s Dv¡ra and B¡hyar¡¿is are to be computed.

Dwadasadhipati – (Dv¡da¿¡dhipati Énù¶ÉÉÊvÉ{ÉÊ) – 11th Lord

Dwiswabhavaraasi – (Dvi¿vabh¡var¡¿i Êuù·É¦ÉÉ´É®úÉʶÉ) – Duel sign – 4th, 7th, 10th signs

Dwitiyyadhipati – (Dvit¢y¡dhipati ÊuùiÉÒªÉÉÊvÉ{ÉÊ ) second sign lord

Friendship between Planets – (Grahamitratva OɽþʨÉjÉi´É) Planetary friendship is of three kinds, viz., inherent, temporary, and aggre-gative. The first one depends upon the basic qualities of the planets, the second on their mutual relationships in the horoscope, while the third depends upon the resulting relationships emerging from the first two kinds and determi-ning their aggregative strength. Planets according to Sage Saty¡c¡rya, are inherently friendly with the lords of 2nd, 4th, 5th, 8th, 9th, and 12th signs from their M£latrik°¸a or Trine houses, besides the lords of their exaltation signs. Any planet occupying 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 10th, or 11th houses from it becomes its temporary friends. If a planet is situated along with another in any house or if there is a planet in the 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, or 9th houses from it, such planets are treated as its temporary enemies. Aggregative relationship is classified under five categories, viz., very friendly, friendly, neutral, inimical, and very inimical. If two planets are friendly according to both the methods of classification, they are considered to be very friendly. If under one classification a planet is friendly with another but in the next becomes neutral, the two will be treated as only friendly. If according to one they are friendly, but inimical according to the other, they will be treated as neutrals. In case two planets are neutral according to one classification whereas under the next set of conditions they become enemies, they will be reckoned as enemies. If under both sets of conditions, two planets are neutral according to one classification whereas under the next set of conditions they become enemies, they will be reckoned as enemies. If under both sets of conditions, two planets are found to be not friendly, they will be treated as very inimical. The following table shows the generally accepted inherent or natural interplanetary relationships of friendship.

Planets

Friends

Neutrals

Enemies

Ravi

Cha Gu Ku

Budha

Sa      Su

Chan

Ra    Bu

Ku Gu Su Sa

None

Budha

Ra Su

Ku Gu Sa

Ch

Sukra

Bu  Sa

Ku Gu

Ra Ch

Kuja

Ra Ch Gu

Su Sa

Bu

Guru

Ch Ku Ra

Sa

Bu

áani

Ch Ku Ra

Gu

Ra Ch Ku

Ghati – (Gha¶i PÉÊ]õ) is a ancient time division – One Gha¶i is equal to 24 (twenty four) minutes

Ghatikalagna – (Gha¶ik¡talgana PÉÊ]õEòɱMÉxÉ) – From Janma Lagna Each Gha¶is is taken as one Lagna.  Take time from Sunraise up to birth time, in terms of Gha¶i.  Divide it with 12 eg., 42.22 Gha¶is / 12 = 6 reminder+1 = 7 since the Janmalagna is Kark¡¶aka, it is an even sign 7th sign Cancer (Kark¡¶aka) is Capricorn (Makara)

Grahachakra (Grahacakra OɽþSÉGò) Hososcope

Grahadristi (Grahad¤À¶i Oɽþoùι]õ) Planetary  Aspect/d¤À¶i

Grahayuddha (Grahayuddha OɽþªÉÖ) planetary warfare. An astronomical phenomenon resulting from proximity between two planets. It affects their power to produce any result. The planets involved in this relation-ship are rendered unable to bestow their beneficence, and become inauspicious. Such a situation occurs when a planet other than Chandra or the nodes (R¡hu or K®tu) is situated within 50 of the Ravi. The planet so placed is considered Asthangatha or combust.     When such a relationship takes place with Chandra, it is known as áani¡gama, or combination. Any of the five non lumen M®Àa within 50 of any other planet causes planetary warfare, or Grahayuddha, and one of the two involved in this relationship is said to be vanquished and the other is a victor. The victorious planet produces powerful auspicious effects, while the vanquished one becomes inauspicious. The house in which this phenomenon occurs is destroyed and the individual suffers throughout his life in respect to that Bh¡va                      There are five kinds of planetary warfare, viz., Bh®dam, Ullekham, Amsumardhanam, Apasavyam, and Yuddham. Bh®dam occurs when two planets are within 50 of each other though in different Nakshatras. When they are between 30 and 50 of each other located in the same Nakshatra, they are in Ullekham, yuddham. When such planets are within a distance of 10 to 30 of each other in the same Nakshatra, the relationship is known as Amsumardlianam. If the planets are within one degree of the other, they are known as in Graha yuddham proper. If one of the two planets within 50 of each other is direct while the other is retrograde, they form Apasavya Yuddham. The effects of planetary warfare depends upon the conditions classified under P£r¸a Graha, Ëkr¡nta Graha, and Akrita or Yayee Graha. P£r¸a Graha is a planet in a state of opposition to another. Ëkr¡nta Graha is the over powered, chased, or eclipsed planet. Akriti Graha is generally aggressive on the move. The Ravi is P£r¸a up to 11 a.m., Akranta at noon, and Akrita or feeble in the          afternoon. Chandra is always overpowered. Budha Guru, and áani are always in opposition, while Kuja, Sukra, R¡hu, and K®tu are always aggressive. The effect of Grahayuddha is conditioned by the mood of these planets as indicated above. A planet with earlier longitude is said to defeat the planet ahead of it. A planet in southern hemisphere is considered defeated. But Sukra is always victorious. The planet with a fairly larger orb than the other becomes victorious.

Guru – (Guru MÉÖ¯û) Planet Jupiter

Horasastra (H°r¡¿¡stra ½þÉä®úɶÉɺjÉ) A treatise on predictive astrology, but generally it refers to the science of both astronomy and astrology

Horalagna – (H°r¡lagna ½þÉä®úɱÉMxÉ)  A sort of ascendant worked out by multiplying the birth time after Sun rise by two and dividing the product by five, and adding the result to the Sunrise on the day.  If Janmalagna falls in odd sign take the Ravi as starting point, (1) take the time from Sun raise up to birth in terms of Gha¶¢s (2) Divide the time with 2.5, the product is known as Number of R¡¿¢s/signs take the reminder as one r¡¿¢/ sign. (3) Count the number of signs forward and fix it as H°r¡ Lagna.  eg., birth time 42.22; divide with 2.5 quotient 16, Reminder 1 16+1 = 17 signs from Lagna clock wise direction, you will Scorpio/vrichika as H°r¡ Lagna.

Indulagna <xnÖù±ÉMxÉ – A sensitive point in a horoscope based on the Lagna and the Chandra. Counting ninth from both of these and adding the Ka½¡s (see below) of the lords of the sign thus arrived at, and dividing the total of these two by 12, and the remainder when added to the Chandra sign gives the Indu Lagna. For this calculation, the Ka½¡s for the planets are as follows: Ravi = 30; Chandra = 16; Kuja = 6; Budha = 8; Guru = 10; Sukra = 12; and áani = 1. The general principle may be further modified by taking into account the odd and                       even signs of the Lagna and Chandra. In case both these are in odd signs,  the counting of the ninth sign is to be made directly, but in the case of their being even, the resultant 9th house should be  counted in the reverse direction. For example, if the Lagna is M®Àa, which is an odd sign, the ninth from it counted directly is Dhanus whose lord is Guru who enjoys 10 Ka½¡s. For             Vrishabha as Lagna, an even sign, ninth from it counted in the reverse direction is Kanya which is owned by Budha having 8 Ka½¡s. Similarly, if the natal Chandra is in an odd sign, the counting is done directly, and in the case of its being an even sign, the direction will be reversed. If the remainder in the final operation is odd, the final Indu Lagna is counted directly from the Chandra while in the case of its being even; the counting from the Chandra for fixing the Indu Lagna is in the reverse direction. Indu Lagna, when occupied by a benefic without any association with a malefic planet makes the individual extremely wealthy; and if only a malefic planet occupies it, the individual may be very rich. If the malefic occupies Indu Lagna in its exaltation sign, the individual becomes extremely wealthy

Jaimini VÉèʨÉÊ – A celebrated sage; a disciple of Vy¡sa.