Drawn into Astrology & Tantra from very early age and hailing from one of the orthodox Brahmin families of Kerala, Shri. Suresh Babu Shenoy, has been doing research in many branches of astrology for the past 25 years. His serious leanings into Astrology started after getting the blessings from Late Brahmasree Kaimook Parameshwaran Vaidikan Namboothiry, Kodagara, Chalakudi (Kerala). Suresh Babu has been providing professional astrological help to those who needed it over the years. He has also participated in quite a few Ashtamangala & Deva Prashnas conducted in Kerala Temples. He uses & studies only the original classical works, be it Parashari, Mihiracharya, Jaimini or Tajik. He has also created an unique Astrology Software based on Windows, with many features required in Ashtamangala Prashna. He has his own site in Yahoo Groups, where he advises and helps members who are desirous of learning the practical applications of the science of Astrology.
Gulika – A Compilation
A.G. Suresh Babu Shenoy, India
Kerala from time immemorial has given high importance to Gulika and there will not be a single chart drawn without its representation while the charts of other parts of the country never used to display it let alone give it any significance.
Here are a few reasons.
Prashna Marga 9-41
 Prashna Marga Classic will be denoted as PM in this article.
sveR;amip papana< maiNddaeR;àdaeixk<
sae=itdae;krae yaeg†GvgRvzt> zne>.
Of all the malefic planets, Gulika is the most malefic. If Gulika is associated with Saturn, it becomes much more malefic.
- a) Natural malefics Sun, Mars & Saturn, weak moon and mercury associated with malefics. Rahu/Ketu 6/8/12 lords,
(b) Maraka planets, 22nd drekana lord, 64th navamsa lord are malefic and inimical to the native.
(a) group can confer difficulties &
(b) group can even cause death or such situations.
By the above statement, Gulika is far more malefic than all of them in aggravating the negative properties or even turning the positive to nil or negative. (reducing their benefic nature). This is more so when it is associated with Saturn who is karaka for 8th & 12th bhava and also Karaka for roga / sapa (illness / curse) etc.
The span of life should be ascertained first and whether the native is healthy or sickly should be ascertained from nimithas seen at the time of prashna, Prashtaruda, Udaya lagna, Moon and Gulika etc.
Note: Prashna Marga quotes this verse from Prashna Anushtana Padhathy, a much older treatise of Astrology from Kerala. Here the author, by referring to Gulika specifically indicates its importance in determining the life span of the individual, his health and illness. This is the foremost of factors. What is use of Raja yogas if the native doesn’t have enough life span to enjoy them? And what good it shall do if he is sick due to diseases?
Hence, before venturing into the raja yogas it is important to ascertain the above factors. It is here the Gulika comes to help most.
Dasa effects: Prashna Marga provides a clue for maraka dasa that could result in death.
- 8th lord from lagna
- 8th lord from Chandra
- Planets in the 8th of lagna
- Planets in the 8th of Chandra
- Planets aspecting the 8th from lagna & Chandra
- 22nd drekana lord from lagna
- Gulika Rashyadhipathy (dispositor of Gulika)
- The planets associated with the above
All can confer death in their dasa / bhukti. (chidra etc).
The last condition implies that: Gulika rashyadhipathy(Dispositor) , gulika navamsadhipathy (Navamsa Lord of Gulika), planets associated with Gulika and its dispositor (rashyadhipathy , navamshadhipathy) can be inimical. These periods could bring many problems though not death.
From the above it is easy to understand the importance of Gulika in horoscope and why it is displayed in Kerala charts.
- Determination of Gulikodaya
Gulika & Mandi are sons of Saturn and are malefic. They are inimical to the rasi where they are occupying.
Though Parasara explains only one type of calculation, Phaladeepika gives another, which is also accepted by Uttarakaalaamritha, where it gives both the methods.
The point to note is the fact Parasara as well as Uttarakalamritha states that 8th portion is without lord.
Sarvarth Chintamani gives two verses practically meaning the same but uses different words Gulik & Mandi.
In fact there are only two methods of calculation.
- The method that uses the Sunday=26 nadi etc
- The method of dividing the duration of the day by 8th and finding the Gulika at the start of the Saturn’s portion.
While the first method is used in Jataka / prashna, the second method is used for Muhurtha. Saturn’s hora is not considered auspicious as we have seen from the illustration on the Mandi-Gulika as below – this portion is also called Gulikodaya and avoided for muhurthas.
The table below computes Gulika/Mandi at Sun rise taken as 6AM and Sun set at 18 PM (12 hrs each) for ease of computation.
The above indicates that such Gulika should be computed for the beginning of Saturn’s period and not in the middle of it as some say even if we want to compute the Gulika/Mandi as per Parashara in true sense.
I had used the word Hora to describe the 8 portions of the day & night. In fact the correct word is “Yaama” which is of 90 minutes duration and Hora is of 60 minutes duration.
So as per Parashara, Mandi / Gulika is the duration of Saturn’s yaama. Due to the way he has written the verse, it is my opinion that the Gulika thus calculated should be at the beginning of Saturn Yaama as we have also seen used for Muhurtha.
In this regard, I would like to present the view of the author of Madhaveeyam for determining the Yaama lords. This is essentially an advanced text book for Muhurtha, which is followed in Kerala for Muhurtha matters.
¢ha varnawadyae vasrSy
twa yamvTyaí tLpÂma*a
y Aa*<znawSs @vaòmSy.
here Madhaveeya Acharya says that the lord of the 8th yaama is the lord of first amsa.
This is main difference in the fixation of Yaama lords where these two acharyas differ.
Parashara says that 8th yaama is “nirisha” without lord, while Madhaveeya Acharya says that lord of the first yaama is also the lord of the last yaama. This is the view accepted in Kerala.
So basically there are two computations regarding Yaama
1 Based on Paraasara with 8th yaama without lord
2 Based on Madhaveeya with 8th lord being the same as first lord.
Logically, in my humble opinion, a span of 90 minutes without a lord cannot be accepted and is not logical There are no other instances where a moment on a day is not ruled by a planet , bhoota etc. Hence I feel Kerala Astrologers were right in accepting Madhaveecharya’s contention.
Further, Since Parashara, Narada and others indicate that the whole of Saturn’s Yaama is Gulika, this is not computation of Gulika / Mandi but to be considered as Gulika Kala or Mandi Kala for the whole 90 minutes and the computation should only be done using the specific ghatis provided as per Sunday=26 etc.
So Gulika and Mandi are not two different longitudes but only one and the other refers to time only to be used in Muhurtha
It is also a general practice to avoid the whole period of Gulika in determining Muhurtha and in unavoidable circumstances till the time lagna cross the Gulika sputa as calculated using Sunday=26 ghatika structure. This by itself indicates that there is only computation of Gulika and the other is only TIME to be avoided. So the time arrived using Parashara method should be indicated in terms of Time and the longitude arrived using the Sunday=26 ghatika should be indicated as longitude of Gulika. The wordings like “Gulikodaya” & “Mandikaal” is further proof of the above.
The misinterpretation & confusion thus created has given rise to many other theories like one is used in the determination of “Mrithyu” and the other in the determination of Adhaana or birth time.
- Gulika in Various Bhavas.
In fact the Verses quoted in Prashna Marga are from other books as stated by the author himself.
1) Sickly, having diseases; wounded body. (in the first house)
2) One’s talking will be of low nature. He shall be shabby (in the second house)
3) He shall hate brothers; heroic / brave (in the third house)
4) Without happiness, fear from enemies (In the fourth house)
Note: a) In many horoscopes, it is found that if Gulika is placed in the lagna, some physical defect will be there even if it is minor. This could be in many forms like one leg slightly smaller than the other, 6 fingers etc. Many a times unless one (astrologer) asks, even the native may not have given much thought to it. I have seen this effect in many cases.
- b) In practice, such persons may have defective speech / two kinds of voice / mocking manner. They wear very shabby dress or not appropriate to their status.
Unfitting dress/ looks, miserable / sad / helpless words / speech, destroyer of
wealth, lack of cleanliness.
Some of the above indications may seem to be irrelevant, but are in fact indicators of inner most nature physical / mental, which usually may not be visible outside.
Gulika With Different Planets.
If the Nakshtra of Gulika is in Visha(poisonous) Naadi, he shall become a beggar even if from royal family.
That said, the association of Gulika indicate the deficiencies in the nature attributed to the associating planet / bhava / rasi, thus finds use in several areas be it traditional or modern including medical astrology.
This article would not be complete without stating some other aspects related with Gulika. Jupiter is the only planet that could mitigate the malefic effects of Gulika atleast to large extent. Similarly Gulika in the vargas of Jupiter also reduces its negative effects. It would be worthwhile to note that when Gulika is associated with Jupiter, though its malefic gets reduced, the benefic nature of Jupiter also gets reduced at the same time. This could have its own effects in the nature & attributes of Jupiter. Jupiter is Pragjna(decisive intelligence) karaka and karaka for the 5th house – intelligence, management could get affected due to this association. It is similar for other planets & bhavas. To state explicitly, the benefic affects of benefic planets gets reduced or twisted while malefic effects of malefic planets increases by its association. On a finer note, this gives rise to two distinct characteristics, while it reduces the quality of many attributes mostly internal, the same could result in the increase of other external malefic affects.
An intelligent person must use the above according to circumstances not take them per-se. That is what Astrology is all about.
- Activities during Gulikodaya Muhurtha
The above is provided in Kaalavidhanam.
The Gulikodaya is not entirely inauspicious and could be used for following events.
1)Collection / buying / stocking of cereals, gram etc
2)Massaging with oils & bathing
3)Business activities / trading
4)Opening of eyelids / using kasturi (Also done during Pratishta of idols).
5)”Grihyam” grahyam a part of the above ritual
7)Getting freed from debts (pay back)
8)Lighting of fire (sacrificial fire)
9) Use of perfumes / ritual in temples also
11)Getting on Horse & elephants
12)Getting Mantropadesh (initiation of Mantra)
13)Conducting Abhisheka (ritual)
14)Abhichara (Tantric ritual for destruction)
15)Maha daana (giving away as repentance for blemishes / afflictions / wrong doing etc)
16)Vedaarabha (learning Vedas, starting the recital of Vedas)
It says 20 items could be done during Gulikodaya.
17)Sthaanapa, receiving of Yupa (Sacrificial post)
18)Entering house & tying of elephants etc
19)Entering a new country, Lavana (Salt) teertha.
20) Coronation ceremony of kings.
Though the above is provided, they are not actually followed as such. Most of the above is related with pratishta karma (consecration of deity) and yagas. Coronation ceremony is not done during gulokodya. So also house warming etc. It shall conflict with other Muhurtha theories.
What is to be remembered is India is a diverse country with many customs & systems, some originating from sources that are not accepted by the learned scholars and some are region specific. This is true regarding some tantras also. Just because something is written in Sanskrit, doesn’t mean they should be followed or is accepted by every one.
What could normally be done with regard to day to day life for common man are
2)Pay back debts
3)Erect the first door of the house
4)Taking medicines for chronic & severe illness particularly related to Visha Chikitsa.
5)Abhichara, Mantropadesha for such rituals.
6)Taming & putting wild yet tamable animals like elephants, horses in the stable.
7)Some rituals related with Pratishta (Consecration) & Yagyas