Kavya Kanta


With the kind permission of the copy right holder,


SIRSI (North Kanara District)




“Jyotisha Ratna”



While I was going through the different works of Parasara, I found certain contradictions and mistakes. I found in the beginning of these books the sloka SARVE TRIKONA NETAROU  meaning that all the Lords of the Konas will give good results. The Lords of one, five and nine that give good results are the odd bhavas, so also three and eleven as opposed to nine and five respectively.  The even number six in the middle made me think and study how far it is correct. It may be a later interpolation or a mistake in writing.


The benefics which give good results are one five and nine and the evil bhavas, which are opposed to them must be seven, elevan and three respectively.  Hence, as stated in these works, the malefics houses cannot be three six and elevan but should be three, seven and eleven.  There are some complecations with regard to some even bhavas too.  In order to verify my thesis I persued different printed works, manuscripts and palm leaves.  In the BRIHAT PARASARA HORA SASTRAM published by Messers Kheladilal Sankata Prasad, Publishers and Printers, 61/92 Bulanala, Varanasi-1, the terms TRIMADAYA is found instead of TRISHADA&YA in page no. 187.  Trimadaya means three seven and eleven.

When I started writing Quintessence of Parasara, I came across ‘HORA NIRNAYA SANGRAHAM’ of Kavyakanta Ganagati Muni.  The following sloka found in this work reinforced my thesis.


धीस्तपोजन्मकोणानि प्रतीपंतु तदस्तभम् ।

त्रिकं षष्ठाष्टमांत्यानि शेषो भोग इहोच्यते॥


INTELLIGENCE, PENANCE, BIRTH (bhavas five, nine, one) are called Konas and the seventh bhavas of these are pratipas or negatives. Six, eight and twelve are Trikas and the rest are BHOGAS.


In the Telugu Version of this work, some mistakes, not correctly represnting the original, and in some places, what are contrary to the original are found.


Ganapathi Muni has expounded Parasara’s doctrine in a simple manner for the scholars who lived in Gokarna Kshetram.  It is but difficult for the beginners to understand this work.  Hence, in order to make it easier for the students the ‘HORA NIRNAYA SANGRAHA’ of the Great Ganapati Muni, I have understaken the ambitious venture of writing commentary to it.  It is also necessary to find out how far Ganapathi Muni agrees with Parasara and also the differences if any.  This work is joined as a second part to PARASARA’s VEDIC ASTROLOGY.  It is for the readers to judge how far I am successful in my venture.


“Jyotish Ratna”              
G. VIJAY           





  1. NAGAR, MADRAS –  17  



 सर्वे त्रिकोण भेतारो प्रह्यः शुभफलप्रदाः।

पतय स्विषडायानां यदि पापलफप्रदाः ॥ 



   page (3)

होरा निर्णय संग्रहः

॥  प्रथमः सामान्यसंज्ञाध्यायः ॥




कल्याणं कश्चिदस्माकं करोतु ज्योतिषां पतिः ।

यस्य विष्णुवधूसौधकवाटोद्धाटनाः कराः ॥ 

May the Lord of luminaries whose rays open gates of the abode of Vishnu’s spouse bless us with prosperity.


The author of this great work, Sri Ganapati Muni prays the king of planets, Sun (Surya), in this verse, to bless the readers with prosperity.


     मतमालोच्य शाक्तस्य महर्षेर्दीर्घदर्शिनः

     दैवज्ञानां मुदे कुर्मो होरानिर्णयसंग्रहात् ॥ 

Following the theory of the Sage Parasara, the son of Sakthi, I present this Hora Nirnaya Sangrahham for the delight of astrologers.


The author says that he is presenting here the substance of Hora Sastra as indicated by Parasara, for the delight of astrologers.


From variious works and contributions of astrology, one can come to the conclusion, that the Hora Sastram of astrology was enunciated by the Tgreat Sage Parasara.  Hence, we have reasons to believe after going through Sri Ganapathi Muni’s contribution that the whole thinking has revolved round Parasara’s contribution and none else.


            पूर्णा लोकश्च संयोगो ग्राह्यौ संबंधशब्दतः

               संयोगमात्रे  संयोगयोगसंसर्गसंगमाः 

              ग्राह्या  पादादिदृष्टिश्च दृष्टिवाचकशब्दतः 

              शुभास्चातिशुभा देवा दैत्याः पापातिपापिनः  ॥ 


(I)  wherever the word   संबन्ध      (SAMBANDHA) is used in this text it should be understood as the Full Aspect (POORNA DRISTI) of the planets concerned or their conjunction.


   page 4

(II)  Wherever the word   संयोग     (SAMYOGA) or   योग    (YOGA),  संसर्ग   (SAM SARGA),  संगम   (SANGAMA) are used, it should be understood as conjuction only.


(III)  Wherever the word  दृष्टि    (DRIST aspect) is used it should be understood as  पाद    ‘PASADRISTI’ ¼  or ARDHA DRISTI ½  or THRIPADA DRISTI ¾ or POORNA DRISTI (full aspect).


(IV)  Whenever the word DEVA is used it should be understood as Subha or Ati Subha (benefic or major benefic).


(V)  Whenever the word DAITYA is used it should be understood as Papa or Ati Papa (malefic or Major malefic).


Now for the benefit if readers an interpretation for the above is given below.  The author has given here the meaning of a few words used in this work.    संबन्ध    Sambandha = The conjuction or full aspect of planets.  It is an association or relation.    संयोग    (Samyoga) or   योग    (Yoga) or   संसर्ग   (Samsarga) or  संगम    (samgama) = conjunction of planets only. दृष्टि    (Dristi) any one of the aspects of the planets (Generally 180 degrees – full aspect, 90 degrees – ½ aspect, 45 degrees ¼ aspect, 135 degrees – ¾ aspect.  These four are said to be evil aspects.  The rest 30, 60, 72, 120, 144, 150 are benefic aspects.)


    देव    (Deva) = Subha (Benefic) and Ati Subha (major benefic)

   दैत्य   (Daitya) = Papi (malefic) and Ati Papi (major malefic).


These terms should be carefully understood as interpreted by Ganapathi Muni.


Ganapathi Muni in the following verse gives the fundamental rules of Parasara.


           धीस्तपोजन्मकोणानि प्रतीपंतु तदस्तभम् 

               त्रिकं षष्ठाष्टमांत्यानि शेषो भोग इहोच्यते ॥    

Of the twelve bhavas of a horoscope, the ascendant, the fifth and the ninth bhavas are named KONAS (trines).  The opposite bhavas of these (Seventh – Eleventh – Third) are named PRATIPAS (meaning opposite of trines).  Sixth, Eighth and twelfth bhavas are names Trikas and the remaining bhavas two, four and ten are named Bhoga (enjoyment of profit gain etc.)


The author explains how Parasara has divided the twelve bhavas into four groupd. There are six odd and six even bhavas.


   Page 5

Bhavas one, five and nine are Konas.  The opposites of these bhavas Seven, Eleven and three respectively are Pratipas.  Sixth, Eighth and Twelfth Bhavas are named Trikas.  The rest, Bhavas Two, Four and Ten are BHOGAS.  Of the above said four groups, some are again renamed thus,


                दक्षिणधनषष्टाज्ञाः सव्याः सुखमृतिव्ययाः 

         रमाऽऽख्यौ मातृदशमौ विष्ण्वाख्यौ भाग्यपंचमौ ॥   


Four and ten bhavas are named LAKSHMI STHANAMS, five and nine VISHNU STHANAMS, two, six and ten are DAKSHNAMS; and four, eight and twelve are SVYAMS.


Here a deep study reveals that Dakshinas and Svyaas are mutually opposite bhavas (ten to four; six to twelve; two to eight).  This is just like Partipas oppostrines trines (eleven to five; seven to one; three to nine).


In this way the twelve signs are divided into four main groups.  The two groups Konas (Trines) and Pratipas are odd and mutually opposite bhavas.


Similarly, the two groups Dakshinams and Savyas are even and mutually opposite bhavas.


Among Konas (Trines), the fifth and ninth are named Vishnu Sthanams.  Among bhogas (gains), the fourth and tenth are named Lakshmi Sthanams.


              पंचमस्य च राज्यस्य द्वितीयः शत्रुरात्मतः 

                 व्ययश्चतुर्थतपसोर्द्वयं लग्नस्य सस्मरम्  ॥    


To the fifth bhava and the tenth bhava, their second bhavas are inimical.  To the ninth bhava and the fourth bhava, their twelfth bhavas are inimical.  For the Ascendant, both its second and twelfth are inimical.  The seventh to each of them is inimical.


To be more clear, nearest Trikas to Vishnu Sthanams and the nearest Pratipas to Lakshni Sthanams are inimical to them.


                   स्वतंत्रा अयुजो भावाः परतंत्रा युजो मताः 

                 कोणभोगाः शुभाः प्रोक्ताः शेषाः पापाः स्वभावतः ॥    

   page 6

All the odd bhavas are independent, all the even bhavas, are dependent.  Konas and the Bhogas are Benefics – Trikas and Pratipas are malefics.  (Ref to part 1 P 49)


                  निसर्गपदसद्भावे पापाः सूर्यसुतादयः 

                  शुभा गुर्वादयश्चेति ज्ञेयं सामान्यशास्त्रतः ॥    


By nature Sani etc., are maelfics, Guru etc., are benefics.  This can be known from other works.  (see P 8 of the first part)


                फलान्यति शुभादीनां दशास्वेव विनिर्दिशेत् 

                 कालानपेक्षं वक्तव्यं राजयोगादि जातके ॥     


The results of a horoscope can be predicted in the dasas of ati shubha grahas and so on.  But Raja Yoga should be predicted irrespective of time. (see Page 64 of Part 1)


Regarding Ati Subha etc. is explained in the following chapters.


The term Ati Shubha will be defined in the next chapter.


Ganapathi Muni declares that Rajayoga (Dhanayoga etc.) should be predicted to a person without considering the dasa or bhukti period.  Hence, Rajayoga may hold good for the whole span of life.


             श्रीपतेः षड्विधंवीर्यं संज्ञारिष्टे वराहतः 

                फलानि विन्दन्नेतस्माद्दैवज्ञो विजयो भवेत् ॥     


After learning the SHADBALAS of planets from Sripathi’s work, and the fundamentals and Balarishtha from Varahamihira’s works, if one attempts to predict according to this work, that person will never face any defeat.


From this it is very clear that Ganapathi Muni approves of Sripathi’s Sadbala and Varaha’s fundamentals and Balarishtas only.




The twelve houses have been divided into main groups odd and even signs (bhavas).



   Page  7

Again among the oddone, five and nine are called KONAS (Benefics).  Three – Seven – Eleven are called Pratipas (the opposite of Konas and hence malefics).


Similarly, the even bhavas are also divided as :

Six – Eight – Twelve the Trikas (asubhas or malefics)

Two – four – ten bhogas (Subhas or benefics)



Again Trikas and Bhogas are rearranged thus : two, six and ten are Dakshinas (the succeeding bhavas to Konas), Four, eighth and twelfth are Savyas (the preceeding bhavas to Konas) of the even bhavas, four and ten are named LAKSHMI STHANAMS; of the odd bhavas, five and nine VISHNU STHANAMS.


For the Lakshmi Sthanas, their nearest Pratipas are inimical to them.  For the Vishnu Sthanas, their nearest Trikas are inimical to them.  For the Lagna (ascendant) both the preceeding and the succeeding bhavas are inimical to it.


Thus to fourth bhava third bhava is inimical.
         to tenth bhava eleventh bhava is inimical
         to fifth bhava Sixth bhava is inimical
        to ninth bhava eighth bhava is inimical
        to Lagna second and twelfth bhavas are inimical


Generally, for any bhava, its opposite bhava is inimical to it.


The odd bhavas are independent while the even bhavas are dependent.


Ganapathi Muni approves the SHATBALAS of Sripati and the fundamentals and BALARISHTAS of Varahamihira’s works.




Sambandha  –  conjunction of planets or full aspect of planets.

Samyooga, Yoga, amsarga and sangama means only conjunction of planets.

Drishti  –  any kind of aspect of the planets.

Deva  –  Benefic or Major Benefic

Daitya  –  Malefic or Major Malefic.












     Page 8

विशिष्ट संज्ञाध्यायः




                     कोणभोगपतिः  कोणत्रिकेद्भोगप्रतीपपः  

                 त्रिकप्रतीपपो भौममुख्येष्वति शुभादयः ॥  


The Lord of a Kona and a Bhoga; the Lord of a Kona and a Trika; the Lord of a Bhoga and a Pratipa; and the Lord of a Trika and a Pratheepa are said to be Major Benefics, etc. for the planets starting from Mars.


The Tara grahas, Mars, Mercury, Juptier, Venus and Saturn the Lords are of two bhavas each.  One is odd while the other even.  No planet can get the Lordship of two odd bhavas or two even bhavas.  They are said to be Ati Subha, Subha, Papa and Ati Papa as explained below.  Ati Subh (Major benefic) is the Lord of a Kona and Bhoga. Subha (benefic) is the Lord of a Kona and Trika.  Papa (malefic) is the Lord of a Bhoga and Pratipa.  Ati papa (Major malefic) is the Lord of a Trika and Pratipa.


                     अपि स्वभावतः पापं परतंत्रतया त्रिकम् ।

                 कोणेन बलिना श्लिष्टं भवति क्षीणविक्रमम्  ॥  


Even though the Lord of dependent Trikas are malefic, by being the Lord of a Kona also, they can not be Malefic.


As stated in the previous chapter (sloka 8), a planet gets the Lordship of an odd sign and an even sign.  The odd sign Lordship being stronger, the Kona being an independent benefic (Subha), the malefic results of the dependent Trika is over-powered by the benefic results of a Kona.  Hence, the planet which is both a Kona and Trika Lord becomes Subha.


                       परतंत्रतया भोगः स्वभावेन शुभोऽपिसन् ।

                पापप्रतीपसंश्लेषाद्भवति स्वगुणाच्च्युतः ॥ 


Even though the Lord of Bhogas are benefics, be getting the Lord of Praptipas the cannot do good.


Just as the malefic Trika Lord becomes a benefic by being the Lord of a Kona too,  the benefic dependent Bhoga Lord by its Second Lordship as an independent malefic pratipa, becomes a malefic.


   Page 9

                       तनोः सामान्यतो मित्रमपि शत्रुर्विशेषतः 

                  द्वितीयोऽतस्तयोरीशो नाम्नाग्र् योऽनन्तरः फले ॥ 


Generally, even though the second bhava and its Lord are friendly to the Ascendant, they are said to be more inimical to it.  Name sake they are great, but in giving results they are the least. (This will be explained in the next chapter)


                कोणानि स्वसमीपस्थत्रिकयुंजिशुभानि चेत् ।

          नान्वयाद्भावशक्तीनां द्वेषिस्वव्यययोः क्षयात् ॥ 


Though the Lords of Konas are benevolent, if they join the Lords of the nearest Trikas, they can not do good.  So, if they are in the nearest Trikas they can not do good as they loose power (see slokas 7 chap1)


Here the relation between the Lords of Konas (one-five-nine) and the nearest Trikas is explained.  The Konas are one, five and nine bhavas; Trikas Six, Eight, Twelve bhavas.


For the first Kona (ascendant) the twelfth is the nearest. So if the Lord of ascendant is in twelve or if he joins the Lord of twelve he can not do good.  Similaraly, the relationship between the five and six and that of nine and eight are not beneficial.


Till now the author has dealt with the five Tara grahas, Mars – Mercury – Jupiter – Venus and Sturn,  In the following verses he referes to the Mandala Grahas – Sun and Moon.


                   भार्स्वतो दक्षिणाः सव्याः शीतांशोः सव्यदक्षिणाः ।

                  शुभाशुभाद्वयोः कोणप्रतीपेतिशुभाशुभे ॥ 


Sun as Lord of Dakshinas (two – six – ten bhavas) is benefic but as Lord of Savyas (four – eight – twelve bhavas) malefic.  Moon as Lord of Dakshinas (two – six – ten) malefic, but as Lord of Savyas (four – eight – twelve) benefic.  As Lord of Konas both are Benefics and as Lords of Pratipas both are malefics.


Sun ans Moon are getting Lordship of a Single sign.  As Lords of Konas and Pratipas they give the same results, as the Tara grahas.  As Lords of even signs the Mandala grahas, give different results.  The beneficial Lordship for Sun is malecious to Moon ans vice-versa.  The reason for this is explained in the next slokas. 


     Page 10

                  षष्ठनाथः सहस्राशुश्चंद्रो रंध्रान्त्यनायकः ।

                  लग्ननाथ शुहृत्वेन नपापावित्यतः शुभौ ॥ 


Sun as Lord of sixth bhava, Moon as Lord os wighth bhava or twelfth bhava are not malecious.  Moreover, they are Benefics as they are friendly to the Lord of Ascendant.


Sun is the Lord sixth for Meena Ascendant. Moon is the Lord eight for Dhanus Ascendant and Lord of Twelve for Simha Ascendant. So this rule is applicable to those ascendants.  As stated in sloka eight of chapter one, the Lords of the Trikas (six- eight – twelve) are malefics, But Sun and Moon for the said Ascendants are not evil as they are friendly to the Lords of these Ascendants.  This rule will be clear in the next chapter.


                  लग्ननाथासुहृत्वेन दौर्बल्यादपि तद्दिशि । 

                  न शुभवित्यतः पापाविमौ वाहनकर्मपौ ॥ 


Sun as Lord of fourth bhava and Moon as Lord of tenteh bhava are not benefics, but on the other hand, they are malecious as they are inimical to the Lord of Ascendant.


Sun is the Lord of four for Vrishabha lagna (Ascendant) and Moon is the Lord of ten for Tula Ascendant.  So, this is applicable to these two ascendants only.  A deep study of the above conditions reveal tha following facts:


For any ascendant, Lord of one (Ascendant), five and nine are benefics.  The Lords of Three – Seven and Eleven are malefics.


If odd signs (Mesha – Mithuna – Simha – Tula – Dhanus – Kumbha) are Ascendants, the Lords of Dakshinas (the succeeding bhavas of Konas: two – six – ten) are malefics.  The Lords of Savyas (the preceeding bhavas: four – eight – twelve) are benefics.


If even signs (Rishabha – Karkata – Kanya – Vrischika – Makara – Meena) are Ascendants, then the Lords of Dakshinas (two – six – ten) are benefics and the Lords of Savyas (four – eight – twelve) are malefics.


Thus the benefics and malefics of any ascendant may be determined.  In the next verse, the conditions for the chaya grahas Rahu and Ketu are explained.


                  फले तमोग्रहौ स्यातां संबद्धग्रहसंन्निभौ ।

                  तदभावे समारूढराशिनायक संनिभौ  ॥ 


   page 11

Rahu and Ketu will give the results similar to that of the planets with whom they combine.  If this does not occur, they give the results similar to that of the Lords of the bhavas they are positioned in (Refer to Part 1 page 3)




  1. Dual Lordship of planets: (for Tara grahas only)
  2. If a planet is a Lord of both a Kona (one, five or nine) and bhoga (two – four or ten) it becomes a Major Benefic.
  3. Lord of a Kona (one – five or nine) and Trika (six – eight or twelve) – Benefic.
  4. Lordship of a Bhoga and Pratipa (tthree – seven – eleven) Malefic.
  5. Lordship pf a Trika and Pratipa – Major Malefic.


  1. Sun and Moon :
  2. Sun being the Lord of succeeding bhavas to Konas is a benefic.
  3. Sun as Lord of preceeding bhavas to Konas is malefic.
  4. Moon as the Lord of succeeding bhavas to Konas is Malefic.
  5. Moon as the Lord of preceeding bhavas to Konas is benefic.


  1. Rahu and Ketu :
  2. If conjunct with any planet, give the results of that planet either malefic or benefic.
  3. If positioned alone, they give the results of the Lord of that Bhava wich may be good or bad.







Planetary relationship to Ascendants.


                  मेषस्य सूर्योजीवारचंद्राः सौरिसितौ बुधः 

                  शनिज्ञौ भार्गवो भानुश्चन्द्रारगुरुवो वृषे 

                  युग्मस्य सौम्यः शुक्रार्की चन्द्रेज्यौ रविभूसुतौ 



     page 12

                  भौमेन्दू जीवभास्वन्तौ शुक्रो ज्ञार्की च कर्किणि 

                  भौमार्कौ गुरुशीतांशू शुक्रसौम्यौ शनिर्हरौ 

                  स्त्रियांसितबुधौ मन्दो गुर्वर्काविन्दुभूसुतौ 

                  मन्दोज्ञशुक्रौ चन्द्रारौ सूर्यजीवौ च तौलिनी 

                  चन्द्रजीवौ रविकुजौ मन्दः शुक्रबुधावलौ 

                  धनुष्यर्कगुरू भौमचन्द्रौ बुधशनी सितः 

                  शुक्रमन्दौ बुधो भौमरवी चन्द्रगुरू मृगे 

                  घटे शुक्रो बुधशनी भौमेन्दुगुरवो रविः 

                  कुजेन्दुगुरवः सूर्यः सौम्यः शनिसितौ झषे 

                  द्वादशानामतिशुभाः क्रमादेवं शुभा अपि 

                  पापिनश्चातिपापाश्च लग्नानां समुदाहृताः ॥

astrology 203