Importance of Classics of Hindu Astrology by O.P.VERMA

Hindu Astrology emanates fromancient sages like Vashista, Saunaka, Badrayana and of course Maharishi Parasara. “Brihat Parasara Hora Sastra” of Maharishi Parashara is in the form of carritel between sage Parasara and his disciple Maitraya, who him self became a sage lateron. Parasara was Veda Vyasa’s father and belonged to Vashista lineage. Sage Saunaka was the preceptor of Maharishi Parasara, while sage Saunaka himself was the disciple of Sage Garga. Since Parasarawas the father of Veda Vyasa, could have lived during the time of Mahabharata, some 5000 years ago.

Though every chapter of ‘Brihat Parasara Hora Sastra’ is a gem itself, yet I shall throw some light on a few of them.

Chapter 5 touches various Ascendants (Lagna) like Ghatika Lagna, Hora Lagna, Bhava Lagna etc; importance of these Ascendant can not be underestimated, for a final Bhava Chart can emerge after merging the different Bhava charts caused by these various Ascendants. Childhood evils (Balarishta) are discussed in chapter 9, while chapter 10 contains planetary combinations, mulling these childhood evils. For example Sloka 9 of chapter 10 reads thus; if malefic planets fall in between benefic planets, while quadrants and trines are tenented by the benefics, the childhood evil (Balarishta) disappears soon.

Chapter 29, teaches about various Padas of various houses, because pada alter the planetary effect. Raja yogas, (combinations for prosperity) inter alia are best analysed by Arudha chart of Pada chart. Chapter 45 discusses various Avasthas of planets like Sayanadi Avastha, which is of supreme importance. If these Avasthas (situations) are comprehended in a proper spirit, one can detect the disease, the native will suffer from. For example, if in a birth chart Mars is in Agamanavastha, one will suffer from pain deep in his ear. In the normal parlance we consider Jupiter for ear defects. Diseases of hands and feet are assigned to Venus in Agmanavastha.

From chapter 46 – 65, there is mention various planetary periods (Dasas), describing the effect of various planets in their planetary periods. Planetary periods precise the time of occurance of an event and are synonymous to progressions of Western Astrology. Chapter 74 deals in Sudershan Chakra used in making favourable or unfavourable predictions on yearly, monthly and daily basics. 

Chapter 81 deals with effects of characteristic features of various parts of women’s body, e.g, if bones do not show up in the arms of a woman and are soft jointed, hairless without obvious veins, straight and round are auspicious. Those without flesh (bony), hairy, small, with obvious veins and irregular in shape are inasupicious. Chapter 83 describes planetary combinations for effects of curses in the previous births; lack of male issue as a result of curse in the previous birth, if the serpent, father, mother, brother, maternal uncle, wife, departedsouls and prescriptions of remedial measures; lack of male issue on account of malevolence of planets and prescription of appropriate remedial measures.

Chapter 85 indicates circumstances of inasupicious birth inspite of the Ascendant and the planets being well placed; Amavasya night ( when the Moon is conjunct the Sun), Chaturthi (when the Moon is 24 to 12 degrees before the Sun), Bhadra Karna (a part of the day), in the constellation of brother, mother or father , at the time of entry of the Sun in a sign (Samkranti), at the time of pata, at the time of Solar or Lunar eclipse, at the time of vyatipata, in yamaghanta, in Tithikshya, in Dagdha yoga and in Gandanta of all the three types, the birth of a son after the birth of three daughters or birth of a daughter after the birth of three sons. These are the times when birth of a child is inauspicious. But there are given proper remedial measures for obtaining relief from the evils effects of such births. Chapter 86 to 96 give such remedial measures.

This great classic of Maharishi Parasara “Brihat Parashara Hora Sastra” offers a vast scope for success in predictive astrology. One can build up his own applied astrology instead of theoretical astrology, if he works on the lines suggested by Maharishi Parasara. This great classic with Sanskrit Shlokas and english rendering has been published by M/S Ranjan Publications, 16, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, New Delhi – 110002 (INDIA).

Another great classic is “Uttara Kalamrita” of great astrological savant Kali Dasa. Its 4th chapter containing description of Raja yogas is most important and illustrative horoscopes of eminent personalities of the world make the book more indispensable. Prof. P.S. Sastri, the translator has shown a unique sense of presentation and interpretation. The 5th chapter which depicts the significations of 12 houses and 9 planets is the most important part of this classic, as no other classic has dealt the significations in such an exhaustive way.

The author for the significations of 1st house includes as gambling for others, nature of renounce, defamation from one’s own kinsmen or persons of the same caste. For 2nd house, great eloquence, firmness and steadiness of mind, humility etc are some of the unique significations. For the 3rd house special significations are abode of the gods, partitioning of inheritance, physical growth or development, maid servant etc. for the 4th house some unique significations are –  spices and perfumes, miraculously efficient medicine, false allegations, and hill etc.

The 2nd part of “Uttara Kalamrita” deals with auspicious and inauspicious times or Muhurata’s and also describes some social rituals and prohibitions. Some of the prohibitions are – one should not marry (1) the sister of the wife of father’s brother (2) the sister of his mother’s co wife (3) the daughter of these two (4) the sister of his brother’s wife (5) one who may be related distantly as a mother (6) the daughter of his own teacher and (7) the daughter of one who can be his son.

The above text is a very concise and suggestive text and should be studied to feel the essence of Hindu Astrology. Besides the above two classical works, there is another classic “Saravali” of Kalyana Verma, which beqneath to us the unaparallel and unsurpassed wisdom of Hindu sages. Kalyana Verma was a king. Apart from being an astrologer of high latitude, the king exhibits his literary aptitutde in the language of Gods i.e, Sanskrit, through many slokas.

Many important aspects of predictive astrology have been well explained by the king Kalyana Verma in “Saravali”. Apart from ordinary preliminary information, the chapter on Arishtas (Evils) and their cancellation, combinations for renunciation, Nabhasa yogas, planetary conjunctions etc may prove useful in delineation of horoscopes scientifically and purposefully. Special mention need be made of chapter 22 to 26, which deal with effects of planets posited in various signs. These positions stand to give modified effects if aspected by other planets, clues to which effect have been given by the king simultaneously.

Extensive and useful commentary with notes and quotations from authentic texts in Sanskrit have been added by the translator Mr. R. Santhanam. Even the most difficult aspects have been lucidly and minutely explained. All the above three classics have been published by M/S Rajan Publications, 16, Ansari Road, Darya Ganj, New Delhi – 110002 (INDIA), A known name for astrological classics.