Morphology of the Pada Lagna
Dr. Suresh Chandra Mishra
SA Volunteer: Juliana Swanson
Taken with permission from Vedic Astrology: Vol 5 No. 1
The Pada or Aroodha enjoys a unique status in Vedic astrology. Many vistas of chart reading are opened when the Pada lagna is considered in analysis. Taking into account the importance of this lagna, both Parashara and Jaimini have discussed this in their respective classics and, as far as the chart analysis is concerned, both the authorities have adopted the same line of approach.
The word ‘Pada’ often used in Sanskrit works means a ‘quarter’, or one-fourth, of a nakshatra. Here, in our present discussion, this word refers to a certain sort of a chart. The word Aroodha, though considered synonymous with Pada here, is also used in a different context of the chart, based on the position of a querist, in the South Indian works.
Working out the Pada Lagna
Sage Parashara points out:
लग्नाद् यावतिथे राशौ तिष्ठेल्लग्नेश्वरः क्रमात्।
ततस्तावतिथे राशौ लग्नस्य पदमुच्यते॥
सर्वेषामपि भावानां ज्ञेयमेवं पदं द्विज॥
That is: The Pada of the lagna is considered to be located as many houses further from the lagna lord, in the natal chart, as the lagna lord itself is from the lagna. The Pada for all the (other) houses can be similarly determined.
The following points are of importance in deciding the Pada lagna:
- The Pada for the lagna is the most important. However, Padas for all the houses can be determined.
- The two important points for consideration are the house and its lord.
- Find out the position of a house lord in relation to the house.
- The Pada is located at the same distance further from a house lord as the house lord is from the said house.
Let us consider a chart with Vrishchika (Scorpio) lagna with Mars, the lagna lord, in the third house. The Pada lagna would then fall in the third house from Mars, i.e., in the fifth house from the natal lagna. If this Mars were located in the fifth house from the natal lagna, the Pada of the lagna would fall in the ninth house (fifth from the fifth) from the natal lagna.
There are certain exceptions to the above rule. According to the above rule, if the lagna lord occupies the lagna or the seventh house, the lagna should itself become the Pada lagna. Also, if the lagna lord falls in the fourth or the tenth house, the seventh house should become the lagna. However, the rules do not allow this. Says Parashara:
स्वस्थानं सप्तमं नैव पदं भवितुमर्हतः।
तस्मिन्पदत्वे सम्प्राप्ते मध्यं तुर्यं क्रमात्पदम्॥
That is: The house itself and the seventh from it are not eligible to become the Padas. In these cases, consider the tenth house and the fourth house, respectively.
The following points emerge here:
- When the lagna lord falls in the lagna itself, consider the tenth house (and not the lagna itself) as the Pada lagna. Similarly, when any house lord falls in the same house, consider the tenth from the house under consideration as the Pada for that house.
- When the lagna lord falls in the fourth house, consider the fourth house itself (and not the seventh) as the Pada lagna. Similarly, when any house lord falls in the fourth from the house, consider that fourth house itself as the Pada for the house in question.
- When the lagna lord falls in the seventh house, consider the tenth house (and not the lagna) as the Pada lagna. Treat the other houses similarly for their Padas.
- When the lagna lord falls in the tenth house, consider the fourth house (and not the seventh) as the Pada lagna. Treat the other houses similarly for their Padas.
- Some people employ the same general principle for determining the Pada for all houses, ignoring the exceptions mentioned above. That approach is incorrect.
- The order of counting the houses from the house to its lord and from the lord to the Pada is always direct or natural, and not reverse or indirect. This is of importance in cases where the above-mentioned exceptions are applicable.
The Pada Chart
The Pada chart is ready when the lagna Pada is located in the chart. The Pada lagna is to be considered the first house (the lagna!) of the chart. The marking of the Pada lagna in a chart thus alters the planetary disposition in relation to the lagna. The rashi position of the planets remains the same as in the natal chart.
It is also recommended to consider Padas for all the different houses of the horoscope. Thus, the Pada for the second house, the Dhana-Bhava or the house for wealth, becomes the lagna of a chart from which the financial status of the native must be determined.
In Chart 1 (Amitabh Bachchan, born on October 11, 1942; at 16:00 hours IST(wartime); at 25°N27′, 8°E51′), the lagna is Kumbha (Aquarius). Its lord Saturn occupies the fourth house from the lagna. The Pada Lagna (PL) should normally fall in the fourth house from Saturn, i.e., in the seventh house. As we know, the seventh house has no right to become the PL which falls in the fourth house only, according to the principles given above. Same rule would apply if we aim to determine the Padas for the fifth house (its lord Mercury in the fourth from it) or the sixth house (its lord, the Moon, again in the fourth from it). The Padas for the fifth and the sixth houses would thus fall in Kanya (Virgo) and Tula (Libra) respectively. The Pada for the eighth house, whose lord occupies the same (the eighth) house, would fall in the tenth from it according to our above mentioned rule. That is, the Pada for the eighth house would fall in the fifth house in our example.
We can thus find out the Padas for all the houses in a chart. Here they could be as follows:
Analysis of the Pada Chart
We have earlier written on the subject of Karkamsha in the Vedic Astrology Vol. 4, No. 6, November-December 2000 issue. All combinations as described for the Karkamsha should also be considered in case of the Pada. This is according to the dictum:
ये योगाश्च पदे लग्ने यथावद् गदिता मया।
ते योगाः कारकांशेऽपि विज्ञेया बाधवर्जिताः॥
In applying the same combinations to the Pada chart, the terms Atma Karaka (AK) and Putra Karaka (PK) may be replaced by the Pada lord and the lord of the fifth house from the Pada lagna respectively. We mention hereunder some of the important Raja yogas to be considered from the Pada lagna (PL):
- Combined effect of the Sun, the Moon and Jupiter, either by association or aspect, on the tenth from PL.
- Benefics in houses 2, 4 and 5 from PL.
- Venus, Mars and Ketu in houses 1, 2, 4 and 5.
- An equal number of planets in the PL and the seventh from it indicate a Raja yoga at an advanced age.
- The Moon-Venus influence on the PL.
- Benefics located in the PL and the seventh from it.
- Lord of the PL and the fifth from it conjoined or in mutual aspect.
Several of the above combinations apply to Chart 1 given above.
Yogas for Wealth
Here are a few combinations which, when considered in the Pada chart, indicate wealth:
- Any planet or planets having aspect or association with the eleventh lord or the eleventh house would ensure wealth. In chart 1 given above, the Sun, Mars, Mercury, Venus and Jupiter all aspect the eleventh house from the PL.
- Several planets aspecting or associating with the eleventh house or eleventh lord from the PL would also generate the Raja-yoga effects.
- Any planet aspecting or associating with the twelfth (lord or house) from the PL would reduce the inflow of wealth. In the chart given above, the Moon and Mars aspect the twelfth house.
- When the lord of the PL, the natal ninth lord or the lord of the seventh Pada (Pada for the seventh house, 7P) associates with or aspects the PL, it ensures a rapid and steady progress in all ventures undertaken by the native. In Chart 1, the natal ninth lord, the PL lord and the 7P lord are all represented by Venus which establishes a trikona relationship with the PL.
- Any planet in the twelfth from the PL compels the native to lose money.
Here are a few combinations.
- Malefics in the PL indicate an unstable state of health.
- Rahu or Ketu in the PL or the seventh from it indicate a rapid aging process and premature graying of hair.
Chart 2 (born on January 27, 1956; at 22:54 hours IST; at 28°N39’, 77°E13’) belongs to a native with Kanya (Virgo) lagna. Since the lagna lord Mercury occupies the fifth house, the PL falls in Vrisha (Taurus) in the ninth house. The PL is occupied by Ketu. The native developed pre-mature greying of hair. Such a disposition also indicates digestive disorders or disease in the stomach.
Some Favourable Yogas
- A planet in its exaltation, Moolatrikona or own sign occupying the second or the seventh from the PL generates good name, fame and wealth.
- When the 7P is in a kendra or a trikona (from the PL), it ensures a wealthy status for the native.
- A benefic in the second house makes the native a scholar, a good speaker and highly knowledgeable.
- A sub-planet (Gulika, Dhooma, Parivesha, etc.) occupying the ninth house from the PL makes the native Shrimaana, i.e., wealthy and respectable.
- A natural benefic or the Moon occupying the PL, aspected by a strong or exalted planet, confers wealth and authority on the native.
About the Other Houses
- The house, whose Pada falls in a kendra or a trikona or in the third or the sixth or the eleventh houses, will flourish.
- Good results will diminish in respect of those houses whose Padas fall in the second, the twelfth or the eighth houses.
- The Padas of the houses 6, 8 and 12 falling in houses 6, 8 and 12 only are not too bad.
- When the Pada of a house is occupied by a strong planet, the house itself In Chart 1, only the 8P falls in the second house (from the PL). The rest of the Padas fall in good houses. The adverse location of the 8P indicates hazards causing risk to life, debts, poor health, etc. The good results, which predominate, include authority, fame, good progeny, marriage, marital bliss, favourable destiny, success and status in general. The amazing success that the native has earned may not be visible when the natal chart (in contrast with the Pada chart) alone is taken into consideration. The readers must note that consideration of the Pada, the Upa-Pada (vide infra) and Karkamsha is essential in order to arrive at manifold results which a natal chart on its own may appear to be silent about.
The following observations are being made to indicate whether or not a chart promises marital harmony.
- The Padas of the lagna (PL) and the seventh house (7P) should be considered for marital compatibility while the PL and 8P should be considered for disasters in marriage.
- The 7P falling in houses 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10 and 11 houses in the Pada chart indicates marital harmony.
- The 7P in houses 2 and 6 (from the PL) is the second best indication.
- When the 7P falls in houses 8 or 12 from the PL, it is the least harmonious situation leading to separation, either legal or geographical.
- A strong planet located in 7P is praiseworthy.
- Rahu, Ketu, Gulika or a debilitated malefic in the PL or in the 7P indicate disaster.
- Says the Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra:
पदे तत्सप्तमे वापि केन्द्रे वृद्ध्वौ त्रिकोणके।
सुवीर्यः संस्थितः खेटः भार्यभर्तृसुखप्रदः॥
That is, in the Pada chart, a strong benefic in the lagna (PL), the seventh, a kendra, a trikona, or an Upachaya (3, 6, and 11) house brings about marital bliss.
- The above principles may be utilized to detect compatibility with other relatives.
Chart 3 (born on August 16, 1963, at 19:12 hours IST; at 28°N39′, 77°E13′) belongs to a native who lost his spouse in 1990. He is still untraced. The PL falls in Dhanu (Sagittarius) which is occupied by Ketu. The 7P falls in Mithuna (Gemini) occupied by Rahu and the natal sixth lord Moon.
In case of the native belonging to Chart 4 (born on January 6, 1954; at 00:30 hours IST; at 28°N39′, 77°E13′), the spouse died in a roadside accident. The PL falls in Dhanu (Sagittarius) occupied by the Sun, Venus and Mercury. The 8P falls in Makara (Capricorn) with Rahu while Ketu falls in the eighth from the PL.
Loss of Eyes
When the Pada of the fifth house (5P) from lagna as well as from Venus is occupied by the Sun, Venus or Rahu, the native is accursed to become blind or be one-eyed.
The native of Chart 5 (born on March 30, 1953; at 1:30 hours IST; at 28°N47′, 76°E08′) lost his right eye because of an accident. The 5P falls in Makara (Capricorn) occupied by Rahu.
- When natural malefics influence the PL or the 7P or the third house from both, they cause unnatural death. These malefics associated with Mercury lead to a death sentence.
- Only Ketu or a solitary benefic in the PL prompts the native to commit suicide.
The woman native belonging to Chart 6 (born on January 23, 1958; at 11:00 hours IST; at 23°N16′, 77°E24′) died following a suicide. The PL falls in Vrisha (Taurus). Mercury alone occupies the eighth house. From the 7P, the Moon occupies the third house.
Consideration of the Upa-Pada
The Pada of the twelfth house (12P) is labeled as the Upa-Pada. When a chart is considered from the 12P as the lagna, it is called the Upa-Pada chart. This chart is mainly concerned with family comforts, i.e., comforts related to the spouse and progeny, as well is general happiness at home.
The following yogas arising from a consideration of the Upa-Pada (12P) may be noted :
- Natural benefics in 12P and its second house, or aspecting these ensure domestic harmony. In this connection, the Sun in its exaltation, Moolatrikona, own house or a friendly house is not to be considered a malefic.
- The above combination (benefic influence on 12P and second house) also makes the wife beautiful and belonging to a good family.
- The lord of the 12P in the first house (i.e., in 12P) indicates marriage to an elegant partner.
- The Upa-Pada lord in its own sign, but not in the 12P itself, indicates a long span of happy married life.
- Natural malefics occupying the houses 2, 7, 8, and 12 (from the 12P) result in chronic ill health and sudden death of the spouse.
- Mars and Saturn in the ninth cause lack of a child (lack of a son).
- When the fifth from 12P is an even sign, progeny will be few.
In Chart 3, the 12P falls in Tula (Libra). Mars occupies the twelfth from the 12P while Rahu and the Moon occupy the ninth house. This indicates a natural separation from the spouse at an early age and few progeny. The native is childless.
In Chart 4, the 12P falls in Mesha (Aries) aspected by both Mars and Saturn. The accident claiming the life of his spouse took place during the Rahu-Mars period.
Chart 7 (born on January 6, 1953; at 2:00 hours IST; at 24°N18′, 77°E26′) belongs to a widow. The PL falls in Mithuna (Gemini), having malefics falling in houses 2, 7 and 8. The 12P, in Dhanu (Sagittarius), is occupied by the Sun and Mercury, with Rahu in the second house and Ketu in the eighth. She lost her husband in Rahu-Jupiter period.
Upa-Pada and Chronic Disease
Chronic ailments affecting the spouse are to be considered from planets occupying or aspecting the 12P or the second house from it:
- Venus and Ketu in the 12P or its second house cause leucorrhoea and other gynaecological disorders.
- Mercury and Ketu, or the Sun, Saturn and Rahu in these two houses lead to disease affecting the bones.
- Mars and Saturn in the 12P or its second house, coinciding with the signs Mesha (Aries), Mithuna (Gemini), Kanya (Virgo) and Vrishchika (Scorpio), i.e., signs of Mars and Mercury, lead to propensity to colds, respiratory disorders and disease affecting the nose.
- Jupiter and Saturn there (in 12P and second house) cause tooth disorders, hearing problems and a weak nervous system.
- Saturn and Rahu cause joint pains, poliomyelitis and disorders affecting the gait.
- When benefics aspect the Upa-pada or its second house, the adverse effects mentioned above are reduced.