New Light on Jaimini Astrology – 3

mudra Sastri

New Light on Jaimini Astrology – III

(An Analysis Of The Commentary Of Somanatha)


Madhura Krishnamurthi Sastri, India

Copy Editor: Shanmukha

Publisher: As the articles of Sastriji were very advanced for the internet Jaimini astrologers we have requested our friend Shanmukha to make extensive notes so that advanced Jaimini adepts can understand many 1st time revealed points by Sastriji even though these articles first appeared in Oct 1962. We hope Shanmukhas efforts have addressed the complains we received from Jaimini net forums regarding the new concepts explained by Maduraji although they are part of the standard commentaries of Jaimini.]

In the previous articles, I discussed the various types of Lagnas, the planet causing Raja Yoga, determination of Yogada and Kevala planet. Now, I shall discuss the determination of Argala and different types of Argala for Yogada and Kevala planets.

Let us discuss now Argala for a Yogada planet. The Sage Jaimini states in his sutras as follows:

जन्मकालघटिकास्वेक दृषासु राजानः

janmakālaghaṭikāsveka dṛṣāsu rājānaḥ





A planet becomes Yogada if it aspects either all or any two of Janma Lagna, Navamsa Lagna and Drekkana lagna. If this planets aspects Lagna, Hora Lagna and Ghatika Lagnas, it will cause powerful Raja Yoga. This planet is called Drashta or Nidhyata.

The Argala is defined by Jaimini as 4th, 2nd , 11th house from any house or its occupant.

दारभाग्य शूलस्थार्गळ निध्यातुः

dārabhāgya śūlasthārgaḻa nidhyātuḥ

If there is Argala for a Yogada planet without Argala Bhanga (Cancellation of Argala) or any malefic yoga, it will cause a powerful Raja Yoga.

Let us take a case of birth on 8th Aug 1912 at 7-33 p.m IST.

chart 105

(Copy Editor: As already stated in the earlier articles, Sri Madhura Krishnamurthi Sastri uses his own Ayanamsa. The chart is generated with our open-source software to the maximum extent possible to get the longitudes given by the author. For the benefit of the users, we are giving below, the longitudes given by the author.)

Born on 08th Aug 1912 at 19:33 hrs I.S.T.

Sun:   26Ge10-16  Moon: 25Ta57-0   Mars: 24Le32-52  Merc: 17Le01-0        

Jup:    16Li10-0      Ven:   05Le25-0     Sat:    13Ar20-0     Rahu:            25Pi55-40

Lagna: 11Aq26      Hora Lagna:           Pisces Ghatika Lagna:    Scorpio

In this Drekkana chart Parivritti Trayapaksha method is followed. That is Drekkanas are assigned continuously for the twelve signs from Aries; the first three Drekkanas of Aries        will be allotted to Aries, Taurus, and Gemini; the three Drekkanas of Taurus will be for the next three signs and so on.

The Chara karakas for the example chart is given in the following table

Sl. No




Atma Karaka



Amatya Karaka



Bhatri Karaka (Brother)



Matri Karaka (Mother)



Pitri Karaka (Father)



Putra Karaka (Children)



Jnati Karaka (enemies)



Dara Karaka (Spouse)


Ghatika Lagna (GL) is Scorpio and Hora Lagna is Pisces.

(Copy Editor: For determining Chara karaka, the longitude of Rahu to be counted from the end of the sign, therefore (30° – 25° 55́ 40˝ = 04° 4́ 20˝). The Hora lagna given by the author is not getting tallied with our software calculation. This may be because of the Ayanamsa difference. At this point, we want to add one more thing. As explained in the 1st article in this series, Sri Madhura Krishnamurthi Sastri uses the method given in the Jataka Sara Sangraha for the calculation of Hora Lagna. Similarly, for calculation of Ghatika Lagna, the counting of houses should be from Lagna at a rate of one house per Ghatika. Jhora calculates that from Sun, instead of Lagna. Another Scholar Sri Iranganti Rangacharya has endorsed the method of Jataka SaraSangraha and accordingly the same is followed in our software. Madura (Jataka Sarasangraha Method): Hora Lagna:            Pisces Ghatika Lagna: Scorpio whereas Jhora (Presume they are following Parasara): Hora Lagna: Virgo & Ghatika Lagna: Gemini)

In this chart, the Sun aspects both Janma Lagna and Drekkana Lagan; so Sun is the Yogada planet. Sun aspects Ghatika lagna also. Jaimini Sutras 1-1-5 to 1-1-9 give the rules about Argala and Argala cancellation. Sun has planets in the 2nd and 11th, no planet in the 12th, has Ketu above in the 3rd and no planet in the 4th. So, Sun has therefore ¾ Argala. Since Jupiter (a powerful benefic) is in the 5th house from Sun, it has ¼ Argala. So, Sun has (¼ + ¾) one full Argala. But, if malefic are in the 5th, 8th, 9th houses, so Argala is cancelled. Since Sun with ¾ Argala effects, aspects Ghatika Lagna that is occupied by Jupiter, the native has full Raja Yoga.

In this horoscope Arudha Lagna is Leo, and Arudha for the 7th house is Gemini which is mutually third and eleventh houses, enhancing the Raja yoga effect. It might be mentioned that this chart has Kemadruma Yoga as the malefic Rahu and Ketu occupy 2nd and 8th houses from Lagna and Arudha Lagna. The effect of Kemadruma is begging. According to Somanatha the effect becomes more malefic if aspected by Moon. But the malefic must be equally balanced in both the houses (2 and 8); otherwise, the malefic effects of Kemadruma are cancelled. In this chart there is no balancing of malefic; so Kemadruma does not exist. This rule must be observed for Pada, Karaka and Lagna. All these three must have Kemadruma effect.

In this case, Rahu and Ketu are in 2nd and 8th houses causing slightly malefic effect in the Rasi chart. In the Navamsa chart, 2nd house from Sun is free and exalted Mercury is in the 8th house. In the Drekkana chart, 2nd house from Sun is having the benefic Venus and 8th house is free. It must be remembered that Rasi chart is more powerful than the Drekkana chart in deciding malefic and benefic effects. So the evil effects for Drekkana and Arudha Lagna may be ignored. According to Raghava Bhatta, the association of Saturn with Moon is bad. But in this chart, since Moon is exalted, there are no evil effects.

According to Kalpalatha, as the native is born in a fixed sign Aquarius, the Argala effects are increased. So the ¾ benefic Argala effect for the Sun is as good as full Argala effects causing Raja Yoga. Now and then, there will be difficulties, excess of expenditure on the dependents and servants and for obtaining public recognition. Since Sun is in the 12th house from Arudha lagna, loss of money through government is indicated. The native will aspire more for fame than for wealth. In the Drekkana chart, as 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 signs are occupied respectively by Sun, Rahu, Venus, Mercury and Mars and as Venus aspects Drekkana Lagna, the native will acquire wealth through noble means.

In this chart, 7th house is stronger than 1st due to the association of many planets, of which Mars has traveled the maximum degrees in the Rasi – the Seventh house. Mars is the lord of 3rd and 10th houses and so the native will earn money through self-effort. Gemini is the 7th Arudha and the Yogada planet Sun is in the second house from Gemini. The native will become prosperous after marriage. Karaka for marriage – Rahu – is in the second house from Lagna strengthening the previous influence. Since Saturn, the Putra Karaka (PK) and Moon, the Amatya Karaka (AmK) are in the 11th house from Sun, prosperity increases with the birth of children. Since Mars is in a friendly sign in association with Mercury and Venus, since Jupiter is in 9th from Mars (in Drekkana), the native earns his livelihood by his own intelligence and education. Since Jupiter – Karaka for Wealth – is in trine to Sun, the benefic effects for acquisition of wealth become very powerful. The same combination will also be responsible for making the native highly learned conferring a scientific outlook, moral discipline and intellectual acumen.

In studying the Bhavas of a chart, Jyotisha Phala Ratnamala 7-15 states that Lagna, Yogada and Vilagna (Ghati and Hora Lagnas) must be studied for assessing the effects of the different houses according to certain Sages. But it is essential that the strongest of these            must be taken before arriving at a final conclusion. Again, the Sun (Yogada planet) and Mars (the lord of Ghatika Lagna), are powerful according to the rules of Jaimini. These two planets must be the starting points for studying bhavas in this chart. Sometimes Karakamsa Lagna, Arudha Lagna and Janma Lagna alone have to be considered, which will be considered later.

Longevity: In deciding longevity, the following points are to be considered.

  1. Lords of Lagna and 8th house
  2. Lagna and Moon
  3. Lagna and Hora Lagna
  4. Ayur Lagna
  5. Sapada Ghatika Lagna
  6. Longevity from the lords of 9th and 12th Rasi
  7. Longevity from the lord of 8th house
  8. Longevity from the lord of the 8th house of Karaka and a few more.

Determine the Ayurlagna from the most applicable of these and determine the time of death through the dasas of Varnada and Brahma. In this chart, all planets excepting the Nodes and   the Sun are in fixed Signs; Lagna is a fixed Sign; we must determine longevity through different methods.

  1. Lord of Lagna Saturn is in a fixed sign. Lord of 8th house Jupiter is in a fixed sign; therefore short life.
  2. Lagna – fixed sign; Moon – fixed sign à short life
  3. Lagna – fixed sign; Hora lagna – Dual sign àFull life.

In this process, two methods give short life. In determining 8th house lord, the following rule of an ancient work is to be remembered:


8th sign [Vridda Karika Method]









(Copy Editor: The table above gives 8th house reck oning for fixed signs according to Vriddha Karika method. For remaining signs 8th house shall be found by counting 8th sign according to Prakriti Chakra, that is Zodiacal for Odd sign, and Anti-Zodiacal for others. Ayur Lagna and Sapadaghatika Lagna (also known as Chaturdhamsa Rasi) mentioned above needs another article for their explanation. Readers will do well to read commentary “Jaimini Sutramritam” by Sri Iranganti Rangacharya for more details)

In this chart, Aquarius is the Lagna and the 8th house is Capricorn having Saturn for their joint lordship. In this special case, choose lord of the 8th house from Saturn. Here Jupiter is the planet required and is in the fixed sign.

(Copy Editor: It looks author has taken the natural 8th house from the sign occupied by the lord Saturn.)

As the Moon is neither in the 1st nor in the 7th house, there is no need to take Lagna and the Moon for finding longevity. For this native Ayurlagna is Aquarius, Sapadaghatika lagna is Scorpio. Aquarius is Dharma Rasi and Scorpio is Artha Rasi, therefore the longevity is short. Commentators like Venkateswara and others want to take Navamsa chart also for consideration. Then the lord of Ayurlagna Saturn is in Aries Navamsa (Movable), lord of 8th house Mars is in Scorpio (Fixed). Therefore, longevity is of medium type. Mars, the lord of Sapadaghatika lagna is in fixed Navamsa and the lord of 8th house Jupiter is in fixed Navamsa. Hence short life indicated.

Another Method: According to Jaimini’s text 2-1-23,

पितृलाभरोगेशप्राणिकंटकादिस्थेस्वतश्चैवं त्रिधा            pitṛlābharogeśaprāṇikaṁṭakādisthesvataścaivaṁ tridhā,

The lords of the 8th houses from 1 and 7 are Jupiter and Moon; Moon is strong and in the 4th house, therefore the native is long- lived.

It is the practice to consider Karaka in the following manner. Sun is the Karaka; the lords of the 8th house from the Sun and its 7th house are Saturn and the Sun. Since Saturn is strong and is in the 11th house from Karaka, it indicates medium life.

(Copy Editor: A very important principle is here indicated by the author. In Parasara system, Sun is considered as Karaka for Body. Yet, in Jaimini, Sun as karaka for Ayurdaya[1] can be deduced from the sutra आयुः पितृदिनेशाभ्यां āyuḥ pitṛdineśābhyāṁ as upalakshana. )

Drekkana Ayurdaya

According to Somanatha, longevity is to be settled by considering the Drekkanas of the Lagna and its 7th house using the rule Chara – Chara, etc. Since the lord of Lagna is in Leo Drekkana and the lord of the 7th house Sun is in Pisces Drekkana according to the dictum sthira dwandwa Chara sthirastha thus long life. Then after applying different processes of longevity determination and eliminating the inappropriate ones, we find that on the basis of the strong disposition of the Sun and Saturn in a common and a fixed sign (in Drekkana chart) respectively, the type of Ayurlagna indicated in the Drekkana chart should be       accepted. In the Rasi chart, the Sun is in a movable sign without any association. In the Drekkana he is stronger because a planet joins him. Saturn’s disposition is also stronger in Drekkana. Hence Ayurlagna should be judged from Drekkana chart and a full term, i.e., over 66 years is denoted.

[1] Refer to Jataka Narayaneeyam Yogavali Khandam By Sri Vadrevu Suryanarayana Murthi.

Brahma Planet:

It is not easy to decide the Brahma Planet. According to Krishna Mishra, if there are no planets in the odd signs behind the strongest of the Signs – Lagna and its 7th – choose the planet in the even signs to select Brahma planet. In our example, Sun is behind the seventh house and therefore the Brahma plane. There are a number of types of Dasas based on this Brahma planet and let us choose Sthira Dasa among them for consideration.

In this Sthira dasa, the third part (khanda) indicates death. Brahma planet is Sun and start Sthira dasa from Cancer, occupied by Sun, the Brahma planet. 1st part is of Cancer, Leo, Virgo and Libra. 2nd part is Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn and Aquarius. 3rd part is Pisces, Aries, Taurus and Gemini. The dasa years are 7, 8, and 9 for movable, fixed and dual signs respectively according to Jaimini sutra 2-3-35.

Now, the most afflicted Sign in the third part must be decided to fix the death inflicting dasa. The aphorism

पपमध्ये पाप कोनेरिपुरोगयोः पापेवा

papamadhye pāpa koneripurogayoḥ pāpevā

decides the most afflicted Sign in a chart. If a sign is between malefic or has malefic in Trines, or 8th and 12th houses, is the most afflicted. According to this rule, Aries is the most afflicted – more afflicted than Gemini. Aries dasa is for 7 years after the 72 year. Sutra 2-1-38 decides the Antaradasa for death. The Navamsa rasi – Aries- is aspected by Mars, the lord of 8th house. Therefore Aries antaradasa in Aries dasa brings about death. This means 77 years and 7 months.

Varnada Dasa:

This also decides the period of death. Janma Lagna Aquarius is odd and Hora lagna Pisces is even. Aquarius is 11th and Hora lagna is the 12th of the natural zodiac. The most malefic of the trines from Varnada sign ends the life. Leo is most afflicted. Start from Hora Lagna which is stronger than Lagna as it is dual and is associated with planets and note down the dasa years for each Sign according to Prakriti Chakra, till Leo dasa is reached.

This indicates medium life and does not tally with Brahma dasa results. Different methods in fixing Brahma planet and other types of dasas associated with it will be given later.

Sl. No.

Dasa Sign

Dasa Years




























59 years

(Copy Editor: Please refer to the previous article for calculation of dasa years for Varnada dasa. Here, in this chart, since HL and Lagna are of different nature, so their difference (12 – 11 = 1) will be the Varnada number. Since, it is one in this case; counting one sign from dasa rasi gives same rasi. Yet, in this article the author used (Count minus 1) as dasa years, whereas in the previous article published in Feb 2009 Vol 5 Saptarishis Astrology he used Count (As it is) as dasa years. If earlier method is followed, then we get 67 as dasa years as total, instead of 59 years.)

As regards Ayurdaya – Longevity – Parasara methods determine it easily as full or long since the lords of Lagna, 8th and 10th houses are strong and since the benefics and lord of Lagna are in Kendras. But, Parasara method is not so definite in many cases for which intelligent methods have to be devised for fixing longevity.

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