New Light on Jaimini Astrology – Part 2
(An Analysis Of The Commentary Of Somanatha)
Madhura Krishnamurthi Sastri, India.
Copy Editor: Shanmukha
[Publisher: As the articles of Sastriji were very advanced for the internet Jaimini astrologers we have requested our friend Shanmukha to make extensive notes so that advanced Jaimini adepts can understand many 1sts time revealed points by Sastriji even though these articles first appeared in Oct 1962. We hope Shanmukhas efforts have addressed the complains we received from Jaimini net forums regarding the new concepts explained by Maduraji although they are part of the standard commentaries of Jaimini.
In the last article that was published in May 2008 Vol 2 issue of Saptarishis Astrology, some different types of Lagnas were studied. A few more to be studied will be considered in their appropriate places. I shall now study the Raja Yoga, Yoga Bhanga (cancellation) effects of Bhavas and the Dasas in the horoscope referred to earlier.
(Copy Editor: As already stated in the earlier article, Sri Madhura Krishna Murthi Sastri uses his own Ayanamsa which he came to conclusion after spending 6 months in Jantar Mantar Observatory in Rajasthan. The chart is generated with our software to the maximum extent possible to get the longitudes given by the author. For the sake of clarity, we are giving below, the longitudes given by the author for the benefit of the users.
Sun: 25Ge22 Moon: 29Le50
Mars: 21Li37 Merc: 10Cn16
Jup: 08Ta12 Ven: 09Ta57
Sat: 13Aq05 Rahu: 12Le08
In the horoscope, it was found that Saturn is the Yogada planet. For this planet Saturn and the Lagna, I shall discuss the Argala effects and then study the Yoga and Avayoga (malefic) influences, and then discuss the Dasa effects. Sage Jaimini has defined Argala in five sutras. Somanatha and Krishna Misra have explained these clearly. Argala influences must be studied both for the Lagna and the Seventh house before studying the good and bad points of a horoscope.
In this horoscope, Jupiter, Venus, Mercury, Saturn and Ketu are in the second, fourth and eleventh houses from the Lagna and in the anti-influential houses 12, 10 and 3 respectively to these houses, the Sun occupies only one house that is 3 and the other houses are free from occupation. According to the rule ना न्युन विबलाश्च, even the Sun is not an anti-influential planet. As there are planets in the three Argala houses, the horoscope has full Argala Yoga for the Lagna. Therefore the native will enjoy full benefic influence in his life.
But, Somanatha and Krishna Mishra have discussed the following evil influences in the horoscope in order to assess the final good effects:
- Rahu’s position in the 5th house
- The association of Moon and Rahu
- The association of Ketu with the Yogada planet Saturn.
- Saturn, Ketu and Sun occupying trines from Mars and Lord of the Lagna.
These are the detracting influences. This native, born in poor family, started his life as an humble clerk and became an influential officer of the same company.
The native was born in a chara rasi (movable sign) with planets in the Argala houses 2, 4 and 11 with no planets in the anti-influential houses 12, 10 and 3. So, according to Somanatha and Krishna Mishra, the native has full Raja Yoga.
As regards Yogada planet Saturn, is in its own house; Jupiter and Venus occupy the fourth house from Saturn; Saturn is in a fixed sign. Therefore Saturn causes Raja Yoga. Saturn is also subjected to some malefic influences. Sun and Mars – malefics—are in trines (5,9) from Saturn. The rule is that malefics in 5th, 9th and 8th houses from any planets cancel its benefic effects. In the final assessment, the native has full Raja Yoga.
Dhana Yoga (Finances): According to Jaimini Sutras
śubhārgaḻe dhanasamṛddhi –1-3-23
If either the Janma Lagna and the seventh houses or Arudha Lagna and its Seventh houses have pure Argala influences without cancelling effects, the native must be wealthy. In the horoscope under consideration, there are benefics in 2nd and 4th houses from Langa.
Arudha Lagna for this chart, according to Somanatha is Cancer which has powerful Argala influences as Moon, Rahu, Mars, Jupiter and Venus occupy 2nd, 4th and 11th Rasis from Cancer. The natives has therefore a powerful Dhana Yoga. He suffered from poverty in his youth due to the location of malefics in the Argala houses.
Further According to Jyotisha Phala Ratnamala, Chapter 9, slokas 3 and 4, there will be Dhana Yoga if the benefics and malefics alternatively occupy the signs from the Lagna or the Rasi occupied by the Yogada planet.
Dasa in which Raja Yogas wil be effective: According to Somanatha, there are forty dasa types. Of couse, eleven are for Raja Yoga horoscopes; five for rich horoscopes and the others for ordinary horoscopes.
The native under consideration is born poor and therefore cannot have Prabhu Yoga. His horoscope must be studied in relation to other six ordinary Dasas.
According to Kalpa Latha, horoscopes which do not have Prabhu Yoga, but have Raja Yoga are to be studied by applying the following ordinary six Dasa systems: Nakshatra Bheda, Nakshtraraja Dasa, Nisarga, Chara, Chara Paryaya, Sthira Paryaya and Gochara. Gochara Dasa is otherwise known as Trikona Dasa.
pitṛmātṛdhana prāṇyādistrikoṇe (2-4-26)
defines Trikona dasa. Here the fifth sign, Leo, is strong and Leo Dasa becomes the first Dasa.
(Copy Editor: There is a mention of Prabhu Yoga in Phalaratnamaala by Krishna Mishra in Lagnabheda Adhyaya (Chapter 10)
Jataka Sara Sangraha states: Select the stronger of the two trines for the first dasa. According to the Prakriti Chakra, for Chara rasis (Movable Signs) in the natural order, for Sthira rasis (fixed signs) sixth, sixth rasis, for Dwiswabhava rasis (Dual digns) first angular, then succeedant and finally cadent rasis (Kendra, Panaphara and Apikloma) must be chosen for Rasi Dasa.
Now, Leo is a strong Trikona Rasi and is an odd sign. Since it is an odd sign, the sixth rasis in the natural order must be chosen for Dasa.
We must fix the Dwara and Bahya Rasis and also the Arudhas. For this horoscope, the following are the Dasa periods: —
Work out the dasas in this manner for the whole life.
Karakas: Karakas are of five kinds. They are Atmakaraka, Swakaraka, dasa karaka, and Bhava karaka. Atmakaraka is a planet which has travelled the largest number of degrees in a Sign. Dasa karakas are those indicated by the dasas.
Nitya (Fixed) Karakas is those given by Parasara – for example- Sun as Atmakaraka etc. Chara (Variable) karakas are those determined by the horoscopes individually.
Karakas for this example horoscope: –
Bhatri Karaka (Brother)
Matri Karaka (Mother)
Pitri Karaka (Father)
Jnati Karaka (enemies)
Dara Karaka (Spouse)
The twelve Karakas for the first Dasa – Leo Dasa
Tanu Karaka (body)
Dhana karaka (Money)
Sodara Karaka (Brothers)
Matri Karaka (Mother)
Buddi Karaka (Mind)
Satru Karaka (Enemies)
Jamitra Karaka (Wife)
Ayush Karaka (Longevity)
Bhagya Karaka (Wealth)
Rajya Karaka (Profession)
Labha Karaka (Profits)
Vyaya Karaka (Expenditure)
(Copy Editor: The above table is the dasa karakas for Aquarius Dasa and similarly for other dasa rasi can be worked out. The reckoning of subsequent karakas is to be found out using Graha Chakra. In fact, there are 4 types of reckoning in Jaimini system. They are
- Udaya Chakra
- Prakriti Chakra
- Vikriti Chakra
- Graha Chakra
Graha Chakra reckoning means counting from lord of Dasa rasi (from Atmakaraka in case of Atmakaraka Graha Dasa, in regular zodiacal (Udaya chakra) fashion. So, the Tanu karaka will be the lord of the dasa sign and the subsequent karakas are the planets next to him by Udaya chakra (Zodiacal) fashion. Refer to Jataka Sara Sangraha by Raghava Bhatta or Jaimini Sutramritam by Sri Iranganti Rangacharya for more details of these reckoning.
Bhatri Karaka in the above table needs explanation. Ketu’s longitude is 25° 55́ 40˝, so he covered only (30° – 25° 55́ 40˝) 4° 4́ 20˝, where as Moon’s longitude is 25° 57́, so we feel Moon shall be taken as Bhatri Karaka. This can be understood with Chara Paryaya dasa as the same reckoning will be used for finding respective lords for each dasa.
Vyaya Karaka is not the 3rd planet, but the 6th planet In Graha chakra reckoning. Raghava Bhatta specifically mentioned it in Jataka Sara Sangraha.)
The effects of the Dasas will depend on the relationship between Janma Karakas, Dasa Karakas and the Arudha Rasi and on the nature of the Dwara and Bahya Rasis. Benefic effects are to be predicted if they are benefic and malefic if they are otherwise. The effects of Dasas will be discussed in detail later.
Longevity (Somanatha’s Views): There are a number of Dasas for determining longevity. According to Jyotisha Kalpalatha, for all horoscopes consider Brahma, Varnada, Chara and Chara Paryaya dasas for Longevity. The use of other dasas will depend on the nature of horoscopes considered.
For all horoscopes, if there is a Brahma planet, fix the dasas in the clockwise order. As regards Varnada Dasa, it will depend on the Hora Lagna and Vilagna. Varnada Rasi is to be determined as follows:
Varnada Rasi (Jataka Sara Sangraha)
For those born in odd signs, count from Aries to Lagna and Hora Lagna. If both the numbers obtained are either odd or even, add the two numbers. If one of them is odd and the other even, take their difference. Then count from Aries as many signs as are denoted by either of the numbers according to the conditions. The result will be the Varnada Rasi.
[Copy Editor: Please note that as explained in the first article in the series, Hora Lagna calculation, here is according to Jataka Sara Sangraha by Raghava Bhatta. The Hora Lagna (HL) shown by JHora shall not be used in this case. This variation of Hora Lagna will be provided in our open-source program, and this version of Hora Lagna will be gotten by the name Savayava Hora Lagna (SHL)]
In the horoscope, counts up to Janma Lagna and Hora Lagna are 1 and 7 respectively. Since both are odd, take their sum 1+7 = 8 and count 8 rasis from Aries; thus, Scorpio is the Varnada Sign.
Determination of the Rasi indicating Death: Consider the most afflicted signs by malefic of the Varnada Rasi or any of its trines. That Signs brings about death of the native. In the above example, of the three signs, Scorpio, Aries and Cancer, Cancer is the most afflicted. Cancer is aspected by Saturn, Jupiter, Venus and Ketu, and Sun, Moon and Rahu are in 2nd and 12th house. Therefore, Cancer Varnada Rasi Dasa will bring the death of the native.
Determination of the first Dasa: Choose the stronger of the Lagna and Hora Lagna. In our example, Lagna is Aries and Hora Lagna is Libra. Libra is stronger as there is a planet in it. From Libra, count 8 signs (8 being the number of Varnada Rasi, Scorpio); we get Taurus, for which the dasa period is 12 years.
The dasa periods are:
- Libra 12 years
- Scorpio 6
- Sagittarius 11
- Capricorn 1
- Aquarius 2
- Pisces 10
- Aries 1
- Taurus 7
- Gemini 11
- Cancer 8
Hence, the longevity is 69 years.
(Copy Editor: The duration of first dasa Libra is explained above. Next dasa is Scorpio. Counting 8 signs (the Varnada number for this chart) anti-zodiacally from Scorpio gives Aries. So, the years for Aries are (from Aries to Sign occupied by Mars, Libra – 1) 6 and these 6 years are the dasa years for Scorpio dasa. Similarly, the other dasa signs may be worked out.)