We proudly present a fantastic new magazine called AIAC Times which is a must read for every beginner and advanced student of this science. Though they are based out of Chicago they have the flavor of classical Indian astrology embedded within them. Following articles are some selections from the AIAC Times (now in its sixth volume). “AIAC” stands for Ancient Indian Astrology Classes. Published on Scribd the Full Moon each month since December 30, 2009, the subject matter of the e-zine is organized in nine columns (one for each graha). Our writers are Ishana, Kavali, Surasa and Amarnath (pen names). It is also available for free download at the Saptarishis Astrology book store under the Astrology.
1. Jupiter’s Column (from Vol IV) – Graha Sambandha
2. Suns Column (from Vol V) – Swearing In Charts
3. Moons Column (from Vol III) – Vowels and Planetary States
4. Venus’ column (from Volume I) – The seventh from Venus
5. Mercury’s column (from Volume IV) – The New Year [2010-2011]
6. Mars’ column (from Volume I) – Health Chakra
7. Saturn’s column (from Volume II) – Objections to Astrology.
Friendship among planets has been a very popular subject in astrology. What is exactly the basis behind the relationship between planets and how do we derive it? Why certain planets are termed friends and some termed enemies to a planet? The Sanskrit word for relationship is termed – “Sambandha” and in this column we will look at the relationships between Grahas.
Graha Sambandha can be of two types –
1) Naisargik Sambandha [Permanent/Default Relationship]
This is the relationship between Grahas as Nature/God has destined it to be. There is a verse in Brihat
Parasara Hora Shastra which gives us a clue into this relationship.
िऽकोणात ् ात-्सखु -ाधीधमायर् ःु तगंु पाः।
सु दो िरपवा े समाोभयलक्षणाः॥५५॥
suhR^ido ripavashcAnye samAshcobhayalakShaNAH||55||
The below explanation is found in Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra’s Translation by GC Sharma, Vol 1.
55. Natural Relationships: The lords of the signs which are the 4th, 2nd, 12th, 5th, 9th and the 8th from the Moolatrikona sign of a planet and the Lords of the exalted sign of each planet are the friends of a particular planet. Lords of the signs other than these are his enemies. The planets which have got the features of both (of a friend and of an enemy) are neutral to the said planet. These should be taken as the natural relationships of the planets.
Based on the above mentioned rules we arrive at the below table of planetary relationship.
This is what is accepted and all students of astrology accept this table as is. However, the motto of AIAC Times
has always been to delve into the root of every dictum and extract out the principle of a dictum given by Parasara
rishi. Why did Parasara rishi select the Mooltrikona signs of the grahas to determine the relationships between the
grahas? Why are the 2, 4, 5, 9, 12 signs from the sign in question considered for friendship among their lord?
What is the underlying reason behind this dictum?
To understand this theory and go to its very root we have to understand the concept of “Upachaya” houses.
The houses 3,6,10 and 11 are called Upachaya houses. These are the houses where one’s own desire and will makes
the maximum impact. Many astrologers call these houses the Houses of Free-will. However, why are Upachaya
houses considered houses of Free will? Let us see each house with respect to the first house –
We see that in the natural order of the zodiac sign, the houses indicated by the lord of the signs which are Neutral
in gender become Upachaya houses.
Mercury is too flexible to have a gender and Saturn is too old and rigid to have one. However, does this have a
deeper significance? Courage and labor can be shown in area of life. Similarly, profession and gains are based on
our decisions and require hard work and persistence.
Neutral genders of planets indicate that God [or Nature] has given us the ability to modify those areas of life
based on our desire and will. Thus, while determining “natural” friends, we should not look at the people who can be influenced. We should look at those grahas which are destined to be a graha’s friend. This is the reason why all sign Lords with the exception of the Upachaya lords are considered friends while determining Naisargik Sambandha.
However, the question remains as to why one should select the Mooltrikona sign of the planet as the reference
point for this relationship calculation.
Mooltrikona sign is like the office of the grahas. Exaltation is like a function where the graha is the chief guest.
Own sign is like own house of the graha. Now, someone is truly a friend who helps us when we need them. We need help most when we try to achieve something, when there is a question of proving oneself. In workplace, in our own respective karma we face real struggles of life and friends who stick with us then are truly our friends. This fulfils the condition – “A Friend in need is a friend in deed”.
Astrologically, grahas except Sun and Moon and the nodes, all rule two signs each and thus taking sign based on
rulership only will lead to confusing results [as the sign which is left out may yield contradictory result compared
to the one taken into account]. If we consider exaltation, we become biased towards the strength of the planet; in
that case we should also consider the negation as debilitated state. Thus a neutral zone of Mooltrikona is selected
for this purpose. Thus all rasi lords except the Upachaya lords and the Lord of the 7th rasi [Maraka] are considered friends to the rasi lord [Mooltrikona sign]. This is the basis of the Naisargik Sambandha.
2) Tatkalin Sambandha [Temporary/Natal Relationship]. This kind of relationship is based on a particular
natal chart. Grahas placed in a chart become friends or enemies based on their respective positions. There
is a verse in Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra which gives us a clue into this relationship.
दशबाय सहज ाा े पररम।्
ताले िमऽता ं याि िरपवोऽऽ सिंताः॥५६॥
dashabandhvAya sahaja svAntyasthAste parasparam|
tatkAle mitratAM yAnti ripavo.anyatra saMsthitAH||56||
The below explanation is found in Brihat Parasara Hora Shastra’s Translation by GC Sharma, Vol 1 Planets Sun etc. situated in the 10th, 4th, 11th, 3rd, 2nd or the 12th from another are mutual friends (or friends to that planet). If they are situated in other than these places they act as his enemies.
Why did Parasara Rishi mention that the planet placed in the 1st house will be friends to the planets placed in the houses 2, 3, 4 and 10, 11, 12?
What is the underlying reason behind this dictum?
To understand Parasara’s dictum we need to understand the revolution of the Earth around the Sun. The day of the sidereal winter solstice is a very important date called “Uttarayan” in the Vedic times. It denotes the “upward” movement of the Sun with reference to the Earth. Similarly the sidereal summer solstice is called “Dakshinayan” or “downward” movement of the Sun with respect to the Earth.
It is believed that during Uttarayan i.e. between Uttarayan to Dakshinayan, the Gods are awake and bestow their blessings on humanity. However during Dakshinayan i.e. between Dakshinayan to Uttarayan, Gods sleep and thus are inactive. Since Lagna is dependent on time of birth on a day, which in turn is dependent on Earth’s movement, the arc between 10th house to the 4th house can be imagined as personal version of Uttarayan and Dakshinayan. Here, the 10th house is equated to the position of winter solstice and 4th house to the position of summer solstice.
Planets placed in the houses 10th to the 4th would thus act as temporary friends to planets in Lagna. Extending the same logic, this can be applied to all the houses.
The below figure shows the Tatkalin Sambandha between planet placed in the Lagna and the planets placed in
the other houses.
The original premise of this month’s Sun’s column was to examine the effect of the Sun’s position at the inauguration of U.S. Presidents on their presidential terms. There are many factors in mundane astrology relating to the time for oath taking ceremonies. Of particular importance is lagna, planets in lagna, Moon, planets in Kendra and trikona, panchang, and of course, the Sun, since it represents the country’s head of state, its soul and expression. Below is a recommendation from Daivagya Acharya Shri Ram’s Muhurta Chintamani, translated by G.C. Sharma, Sagar Publications:
The auspicious Muhurta for the Coronation of a king is when the Sun is in Uttaryana (moving towards the North and is in the signs from Capricorn to Gemini), Jupiter, the Moon and Venus are not combust, Mars, the Sun, the Lord of the Natal Ascendant, the Lord of the Present Dasha of the would-be-king and the Lord of the Janma Rasi or sign are endowed with strength. Also Chapter 18 of Time Tested Techniques of Mundane Astrology, M.S Mehta and A. Radhika, Vani Publications contains a thorough discussion of the various factors with examples. Regarding U.S. presidents, there is a limitation regarding the day of the inauguration.
Since 1789 until the passage of the 20th Amendment, presidential inaugurations were held on March 4 with some exceptions (i.e. March 4 falling on a Sunday (4 times) and the deaths of Harrison, Taylor, Lincoln (assassination), Garfield (assassination), McKinley (assassination) and Harding). No time was legislated for taking the oath of office on March 4, however, it was traditionally done at noon or close to noon on inauguration day.
The 20th Amendment of 1933 set noon on January 20 (6 degrees Capricorn) as the beginning of the presidential term and the ending of the prior term, and changed the inauguration day from March 4 (19 degrees Aquarius), ostensibly to shorten the “lame duck” period between the outgoing and incoming administrations. January 20 is five or six days after the Sun’s entry into Capricorn which is the beginning of Uttarayana or the upward movement of the Sun. As cited above, Jyotish classics prescribe that coronations should take place during Uttarayana, when the Sun is in the rasis from Capricorn to Gemini (roughly from mid-January to mid-July).
The source of the noon inauguration tradition is likely English history which is based on even earlier tradition. For example, the coronation of William the Conqueror took place on Christmas day in 1066 at noon in London. About two and half centuries earlier, Charlemagne was crowned in 800 on Christmas day, also at noon, the time chosen by the court’s astrologer. Interestingly, Christmas Day was about 9 degrees Capricorn in the tropical zodiac.
Abhijit muhurta (8th muhurta of the day) is consideration one of the best muhurtas for oaths and coronations of heads of state, the Sun’s particular province. It begins about 1 ghati (24 minutes) before Local Noon Time (LNT) and ends 24 minutes thereafter (total 48 minutes) or approximately 11:25 am to 12:25 pm local time. When the Sun first enters Capricorn, particularly if LNT is used, the Abhijit muhurta guarantees placement of the Sun in the 10th house where it gets directional strength.
In addition to the above astrological criteria, the Sun’s relationship with Saturn (both are karakas of the 10th house of royalty) is important. The Sun rules the Kshatriya class (politicians and rulers). For both dates, March 4 and January 20, the Sun’s dispositor is Saturn but for the March 4 dates, we have to also look at Rahu, the co-ruler of Aquarius, keeping in mind that that Saturn’s caste is Sudra (workers) and Rahu’s caste is Chandala (the opposition).
Unfortunately, I was unable to locate inauguration times for any presidents prior to Franklin Roosevelt except for George Washington. (The inauguration times I have are courtesy of Astrologers Weekly.) However, it turns out that these two presidents, Washington and Roosevelt, happen to be the most significant in regard to the length of their presidential terms. George Washington is important because he was the first president (1789- 1797), and served two four year terms, setting a precedent that was followed by all succeeding presidents until Franklin Roosevelt, the 32nd president (1933-1945) who served the longest of any president (over three complete terms) causing passage of the 22nd Amendment limiting presidents to two 8 year terms. For a more modern comparison, the inaugurations of the most recent presidents, George W. Bush and Barak Obama are also discussed.
The question has been raised whether changing the U.S. inauguration day from March 4 to January 20 at noon changed the country’s destiny from the original purpose of the founding fathers. An American astrologer and occultist, Dan Sewell Ward, lamented moving the swear-in day from March 4 to January 20. He says “Originally the dating of major events of the Republic was based on: July 4 (Independence Day), approximately November 4 (Election Day), and March 4 for the presidential inauguration. The November day was varied slightly in that Tuesday (ruled by Mars’ assertiveness) needed to be election day. The 4th day of these three months (exactly one-third of a year apart) represents a grand trine, one of the most delightful and beneficial aspects in astrology. It was good news for the nation as a whole….The change destroyed the grand trine…It is noteworthy that the powers that be deemed it important to change the inauguration date. Apparently they had more respect for astrology than one might have thought.” An opposing argument could be made that the January 20 date is far better suited to the world power that the U.S. would become. Compare the Sun’s position on March 4 at noon (in Aquarius in the 9th house where it is a karaka) to the Sun’s position on January 20 at noon (in Capricorn in the 10th house where it gets dig bala). The country grew from an isolationist agricultural-industrial power into the world’s greatest military power during Franklin Roosevelt’s administration. Roosevelt’s first inauguration was on March 4, 1933. His second inauguration was on January 20, 1937, when the 20th Amendment first went into effect.
Although set for March 4, 1789 as prescribed by the Confederation Congress, George Washington’s first inauguration was delayed until Thursday, April 30, 1789 1:48:30 pm, New York City:
The chart has Leo rising, one of the recommended lagnas for oaths. Lagna is ruled by exalted Sun in Aries which
is with Venus and Mercury in the 9th. The Sun is very strong in the chart followed by exalted Jupiter (8th house
ruler). This follows Mehta et al.’s recommendation that the 8th house have benefic aspects and the lagna lord be
stronger than the 8th lord. The Sun is in Uttarayana and the week day was Thursday, both positive. Saturn in its own sign of Aquarius gets dig bala in the 7th and provides ballast to the shining 1st house that we think of from that time in history. Mars in the 8th in Pisces rules both the Sun and debilitated Rahu in the 4th in Scorpio.
Rahu has graha drishti on both Mars and exalted Jupiter and the once-rebels must deal with the shock of letting go of England and forging their new country’s identity. Saturn aspects the Sun by both rasi and graha drishti (3rd aspect) and aspects Rahu by 10th graha aspect indicating a dry but stable beginning for the new government and its relationship with its President. Washington wanted to serve without payment but finally accepted payment to avoid making the presidency possible only for the wealthy. He turned out to be a skilled and fair administrator and only reluctantly agreed to serve a second term.
George Washington’s second inauguration took place on the prescribed day, March 4, 1793, a Monday, this time in Philadelphia, and reportedly he took the oath precisely at noon:
Sun is with lagna lord Mercury in the 9th in Aquarius and on the Rahu/Ketu axis. The Sun’s lord is Saturn (karaka of the 8th) debilitated in Aries and Saturn aspects the Sun by rasi drishti. Washington limited himself to serving two four year terms. The Sun’s co-lord Rahu (the opposition) opposes the Sun by graha drishti.
In 1794, Washington ably took up military command again to enforce a whisky tax (Sun rules Rahu in the 3rd, Mars in 10th in Pisces is aspected by Jupiter in Scorpio in the 6th). Moon and Jupiter are together in the 6th house of service but Moon is debilitated. By limiting himself to two terms, Washington set a precedent followed by every president until war-time President Franklin Roosevelt. At the end of his last term, he was very happy to return to farming. Jumping to the first inauguration of Franklin Roosevelt, the 32nd president: