Simplifying Dasas By Dr. Sukhdev Chaturvedi

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Different Dasa Systems

According to the Brihat Parashara Hora Shastra there are ten types of dasa systems.

  1. Vimshottari Dasa
  2. Ashtottari Dasa
  3. Shodashottari dasa
  4. Dwadashottari Dasa
  5. Panchottari dasa
  6. Shatabdika dasa
  7. Chatursheeti Sama dasa
  8. Dwisaptati Sama Dasa
  9. Shashtihayini Dasa
  10. Shattrinsat Sama dasa

Though Parashara developed ten types of dasa systems, today only three dasa systems are in extensive use, namely, ‘Vimshottari dasa’, ‘Ashtottari Dasa’ and ‘Yogini Dasa’.

Out of these three, only Vimshottari is widely used for predicting life events of the human being. The great writer of Laghu Parashari states clearly that for predicting human life events only Vimshottari is acceptable and sufficient. The reason behind this is that the results of present life are dependent on the Karma done in many past lives, which can be predicted through the analysis of all nine planets like Sun, Moon etc including Rahu & Ketu.

There is no Ketu dasa in Ashtottari dasa system and no Rahu dasa in Yogini dasa system so this is not clear as to when these planets will yield their results in these dasa systems.

The fruits of all these planets & their yoga results can be predicted by using Vimshottari dasa fully.  Possibly this is the main reason of using Vimshottari so extensively.

In Vedic astrology the meaning of ‘Phala’ (results) is related with ‘Fruits of Karma‘. According to the Vedic Karma theory the results of the present life is dependent on the Karma done in previous births. That is why the events of life are called ‘Phala’ (results). Jyotish Shastra expresses these results in the same way like candle illuminates the substances kept in darkness.

According to the Vedic Karma theory, there are three types of ‘Earned Karma’ (Arjit Karma) during previous lives:

  1. Sanchit Karma (Accumulated Karma or deeds of previous births)
  2. Praarabdha[1] Karma (That portion which is responsible for the fortune & misfortune in this life)
  3. Kriyamaan[2] Karma (Karma done in present life)

To know the results of this karma, Parashara has developed three systems, which he has stated as “Yoga”, “Dasa” and “Gochara (current planetary transition).

Above written theory can be represented and understood clearly through branch-tree representation shown below:

[1] Prarabdha is that portion of the past Karma, which is responsible for the present body. That portion of the Sanchita Karma, which influences human life in the present incarnation, is called Prarabdha. It is ripe for reaping. It cannot be avoided or changed. It is only exhausted by being experienced. You pay your past debts. Prarabdha Karma is that which has begun and is actually bearing fruit.

[2] Kriyamana is that Karma which is now being made for the future. It is also called Agami or Vartamana.

chart 222

Dasa Phala (Dasa Results)

Vedic Karma theory states the fruits of karma of previous lives can not be experienced in one life likewise the results of all yoga’s present in a horoscope can not be experienced in one life. For them to fructify many births would be required.

यदुपचितमन्यजन्मनि शुभाऽशुभं तस्य कर्मणः पक्तिम्।

व्यञ्जयति शास्त्रमेतत् तम्सि द्रव्याणि दीप इव॥३॥

yadupacitamanyajanmani śubhā’śubhaṁ tasya karmaṇaḥ paktim|

vyañjayati śāstrametat tamsi dravyāṇi dīpa iva ||3||

LaghuJatakam of Varahamihira, 1:3, Master Kehladi Lal & Mans, Varanasi.

All the Sages have clearly expressed that the native will experience the fruits of only those yogas and of those planets whose antara (sub period) or mahadasa (major period) comes in his present life. Therefore, it can be concluded that dasa is the deciding factor while predicting the life events of a native.

According to the Hora Shastra, different results of dasa are to be predicted combining these three factors:

  1. General Results- This is of forty kinds.
  2. Graha Yoga Results (Planetary combination results): This can be divided into two sub categories:
  • Special Yoga: Which is of around four hundred kinds?
  • Other Yogas: This is of twenty two kinds.
  1. Lordship Results (Results due to the lordship of the planet): This can be divided into six sub categories:
  • Primary Bhava Lordship
  • Secondary Bhava Lordship
  • Yogakaraka
  • Tattwa Equality
  • Drishti (Aspect)
  • Yuti (Conjunction)

General Effects:

The result of planets that are due to its position, aspect, conjunction and power is called general results. This is of forty kinds. The decisive factors of the planet derived results for these general effects are:

  1. Extreme exaltation of a Planet.
  2. Exaltation of Planet.
  3. Planets going towards its exaltation rasi.
  4. Planets going away from its exaltation rasi.
  5. Deep debilitation of planet
  6. Debilitation of planet.
  7. Planet in Mool Trikona rasi
  8. Planet in its own rasi.
  9. Position at best friend’s rasi
  10. Friendly rasi.
  11. Neutral rasi.
  12. Inimical sign.
  13. Highly inimical sign.
  14. Exalted in Navamsa.
  15. Debilitation in Navamsa.
  16. Planet in Vargottama stage.
  17. Inimical sign in Navamsa.
  18. Position in benefic rasi in Shashthyamsa.
  19. Position in malefic rasi in Shashthyamsa.
  20. Position in Parijata stages in varga charts.
  21. In benefic sign in Dreshkona.
  22. In malefic sign in Dreshkona.
  23. Position of planet with exalted planet.
  24. Position of planet with benefic planet.
  25. Position of planet with malefic planet.
  26. Position of planet with debilitated planet.
  27. Aspected by benefic planets.
  28. Aspected by malefic planets.
  29. Power of planet due to its bhava position
  30. Power of planet due to its direction
  31. Power of planet due to its kaal (time)
  32. Cheshtabal of planet
  33. Planet’s natural power
  34. Affliction due to malefic planets.
  35. Combustion of planet
  36. Direct motion of planet.
  37. Retrogression of planet
  38. Stage of planet (Avastha of planet)
  39. Planet’s position in rasi
  40. Planet’s position in bhava

The result of combination of planets:

सर्वेषां च फलं स्वपाके

sarveṣāṁ ca phalaṁ svapāke

According to this rule, the result of planet combination is experienced in the dasa of those planets. These results are different from the general results the native experiences different fruits due to the different yogas present in the chart.

In Hora Grantha around 400-450 different important yogas are mentioned. Instead of these special yogas, there are 22 types of some other yogas, which are:

  1. Dwi Graha Yoga (Two Planet Conjunction)
  2. Tri Graha Yoga (Three Planet Conjunction)
  3. Chatur Graha Yoga (Four Planet Conjunction)
  4. Pancha Graha Yoga (Five Planet Conjunction)
  5. Shashta Graha Yoga (Six Planet Conjunction)
  6. Sapta Graha Yoga (Seven Planet Conjunction)
  7. Ashta Graha Yoga (Eight Planet Conjunction)
  8. Arishta Yoga
  9. Arishta Bhang Yoga
  10. Rog Yoga (Disease related yoga)
  11. Shodash Varga Yoga (Sixteen Varga Yoga)
  12. Daridra Yoga (Poverty Yoga)
  13. Stree Jataka Yoga (Yoga related with female nativity)
  14. Bhikshu Yoga- Reka Yoga (Beggar Yoga)
  15. Alpayu Yoga (Short Life Yoga)
  16. Madhyamayu Yoga (Medium life yoga)
  17. Deerghayu Yoga (Long life yoga)
  18. Vyavasaya Yoga (Yoga related with occupation)
  19. Karakamsha Yoga
  20. Swamsha Yoga
  21. Pada Yoga
  22. Upapada Yoga

The difference between general effects and planetary combination effect is that the general effects are experienced by all, but the special effects are experienced by those natives only who have the special combinations in their chart.

Lordship Results:

The result, which is due to the lordship of the bhava, is called lordship results of a planet. A planet provides good or bad results according to its lordship over quadrant, Trikona or dustana houses.

There may be some contradiction in the result of the planet due to its lordship and special yogas. The planet may be in its exaltation at the same time it can be maraka. The planet may be forming Mallika yoga as well as Kala Sarpa Yoga.  That is why Parashara has given the lordship results as the primary importance and the special yogas as the secondary.

The contradictory results of the planets may be experienced in their dasa prima facie but this can be explained conceptually. E.g., malefic planets also yield good results in their sub period when conjoined with yoga karaka planets. The reason is that a planet also gives results according to its conjoined planets so the relationship between Yoga karaka planets reduces its malefic nature and increases benevolence.

This too happens in the case of Kendradhipatya Dosha (Dosha due to the lordship of Quadrant of benefic planets), planets having ownership of trine as well as dustana houses and malefic planets which don’t give good results. However, when they conjoined with lord of trine houses, they become auspicious.

If analysis is done on taking account of different levels no contradiction will be found even in the cases of the mixed results of the planets due to above mentioned reasons. All this can be explained satisfactorily on conceptual level.

Basis of lordship results:

The decisions of lordship results are done on six factors:

  1. Primary bhava lordship
  2. Secondary bhava lordship
  3. Yoga karaka
  4. Tattva Equality
  5. Aspect
  6. Conjunction
  7. Primary bhava lordship: Planet’s lordship over the house decides its results primarily. The results are according to the nature of house it has ownership. Every planet which has lordship over Trikona house yields good results while their lordship over 3, 6, 11 houses yield bad results. In addition, 8th house is considered evil house being the 12th from 9th house which is house of luck.
  8. Secondary bhava lordship: Planets lordship over the secondary bhava is also deciding factor on its results. If lord of 8th house is also lord of Lagna (ascendant) then the concerned planet will yield good results. Lord of 2nd house and 12th house yield their results depending upon their primary bhava lordship. If malefic planet is the lord of quadrant as well as lord of trine, it gives very good results. If lord of quadrant and lord of trine have also the lordship over 8th house and 11th house they don’t give yoga result.
  9. Yoga Karaka conjunction: If Lord of Kendra and Trikona conjoin they become yogakaraka even if they are blemished. It signifies that the conjunction of Kendra and Trikona lord not only reduces the evil results of planets involved but also increases their beneficence. If this is not the fact Rahu & Ketu posited in Kendra with Trikona lord or posited in Trikona with Kendra lord can not behave as yogakaraka planets as stated by parashara.
  10. Tattva Equality: The planets having the same tattva also influence each other in dasa results like, all Trikona lords have same tattva, all Kendra lords have same and all maraka lords have same tattva so if they are not related due to position, aspect, conjunction or exchange still they can produce yoga results in the their antara. E.g., Rahu, Ketu when posited in 9th or 10th house give yogakaraka results in dasa of Trikona or Kendra lords even if they have no four above said relations. Due to same reason maraka planet can give death in antara of malefic planet.
  11. Aspect: The mutual aspect of planets is also one of the deciding factors of prediction of dasa results. There are two types of aspects: 1. When both planets aspect each other 2. When one planet aspect another planet only. Both these aspect can change the result of planet considerably. E.g., Rahu, ketu posited in Kendra when aspected by yogakaraka planet give good results in their dasa.
  12. Conjunction of Planets: This also plays an important role in determining the dasa results of a planet. E.g., lord of 2nd house and lord of 12th house yield the result according to the planet they are in conjunction with. Rahu, ketu also give the result of the planet with whose rasi they are posited in.

According to above mentioned six classifications planet becomes of six types.

  1. Benefic
  2. Malefic
  3. Yogakaraka
  4. Maraka
  5. Neutral
  6. Mixed

Now, the benefic planet can be classified as, benefic & highly benefic planet.

Thus, the dasa result of planets according to above classification can be summarized as:-

  • Benefic Planet: A planet which is lord of Ascendant or lord of 5th house or 9th house and at the same time do not have the lordship of 3,6,11 houses are the benefic planets. E.g., for Aries ascendant, Mars, Jupiter and Sun.
  • Highly Benefic Planet: A planet which has the lordship of Kendra and Trikona house at the same time becomes highly benefic. E.g., Saturn in Taurus ascendant and Libra ascendant etc.

In this manner, malefic planet can be classified as malefic, only malefic & highly malefic planet.

2.1 Malefic Planet: Planet, which has the lordship of 3,6,11 houses and is maraka becomes malefic as in Aries ascendant Saturn and Venus.

2.2        Only malefic: A planet whose both lordship are in 3,6,11 houses or one lordship is of 3,6,11 houses and other one is of 2nd or 12th house it is called only malefic. E.g., Mercury in Aries ascendant, Moon in Taurus ascendant, Jupiter in Aquarius ascendant etc.

  • Highly Malefic: A planet that has one lordship over 8th house and one over 3, 6, 11 houses is called highly malefic. E.g., Jupiter in Taurus, Mercury in Scorpio ascendant etc.
  1. Yogakaraka planet: If Kendra lord and Trikona lord are conjoined and the planet involved has no lordship over 8th and 11th house they become yogakaraka. E.g., in Aries Ascendant Moon and Sun.
  2. Maraca planet: A planet which is associated with 2nd or 7th house and also connected with 3, 6, 11 houses becomes maraca. In some cases 12th lord, planet associated with 12th lord, 8th lord and malefic planets become maraca. E.g., Venus in Aries ascendant.
  3. Neutral: A planet which does not give either benefic or malefic result is called neutral. E.g., Moon posited in its own sign in Gemini and Leo ascendant, Rahu, ketu posited in 2nd or 12th house etc.
  4. Mixed: A planet which has the lordship over Trikona house as well as 3, 6, 11 houses or 8th house, that planet gives mixed results. E.g., Saturn in Gemini and Virgo ascendant, Jupiter in Leo ascendant etc.

Thus, dasa result of a planet can be predicted by taking account of all above said factors.

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