The Date Of Krishna’s Birth and Death By Dr P V Vartak, India

Dr. P v Img

Dr. P.V. Vartak is a renowned scholar who has been instrumental in unfolding many scientific facts from ancient Indian scriptures in Sanskrit and has presented it to the modern day generation in lucid and intelligible form. Besides being a spiritualist & a medical professional, he combines in himself the attributes of a Historian, Astronomer, Astrologer, Mathematician, Philosopher, Counsellor, Orator & Author. He was born on 25th Feb 1933 at Pune, Maharashtra, India. A seeker of truth, he does not differentiate between the followers of different religions and faiths & showers his spiritual love on the entire humanity indiscriminately. A distinguished rank holder throughout his academic career, he stood first in the London Chamber of Commerce Examination though papers were examined at London. In his medical profession, he worked successfully as a lecturer in Surgery & Hon. Surgeon. In private practice he worked as Surgeon, Physician, Radiologist and Pathologist with highest medical ethics. He commenced studies in Yoga and Spiritual Science in 1956 with highly analytical & scientific approach. Extra sensory perceptions have been experienced by him since 1959.

Dr. Vartak’s Coliseum

It is almost impossible to fix the birth date of Lord Krishna because it is not mentioned  in  any of the Puranas or in the Mahabharata. However, once in my Samadhi, on 29-11-2003, I got inspiration to find it out. Accordingly I began the work and in a few days I could ascertain the date of birth of Krishna.

In the Puranas it is mentioned that Krishna was born on Shravana Krishna Ashtami according to the Amanta Masa system and Bhadrapada Vadya Ashtami according to Pournimanta Masa system. But it is not sufficient to cast his horoscope, which needs the year of the birth. Therefore it was essential to find out the year of his birth.

It is told in the Mahabharata, Vana Parva 22 that while departing, Krishna bowed humbly before Bheemasen and Yudhishthira for salutation, embraced Arjuna and blessed NakulaSahadeva. It shows that Krishna was of the same age of Arjuna, younger than Bheemasen and elder than Nakula-Sahadeva. Hence I tried to find out the age of Arjuna. This job was very difficult, because in the Mahabharata Arjuna’s age is not clearly given anywhere.

It is reported in the Mahabharata that Bheemasen and Duryodhana were of the same age. Two years after them Arjun took birth from Kunti. Still two years later the twins Nakula and Sahadeva were born from Madri. A little after the birth of the twins, their father Pandu died. Madri became ‘Sati’ (burnt herself on the pyre of the husband Pandu). Kunti lived caring the kids for some time in the forest and then she came to Hastinapura with all the five Pandawas (sons of Pandu). Therefore, then, Arjun might have been of about three years. Krishna was of the same age.

Arjuna and others took training in Hastinapura. After completion of the training there was an examination. This might have been taken when Arjuna was of 16 years. After this test, Dronacharya sent Kaurawas to fight with King Drupada, but they faced serious defeat. Therefore Dronacharya sent Bheema and Arjun, who defeated Drupada. Kaurawas were worried about the great valour of Pandawas and began playing foul tricks. They sent Pandawas to Waranawat and arranged to burn them. However, Pandawas set free due to valour of Bheemasen and fled to a forest. Pandawas stayed in Waranawat for one year (Adi Parva 148) so Krishna-Arjuna were of 17 years.

Drupada was deeply aggrieved by his defeat. So he began efforts to get such a son who could defeat Dronacharya. He lived with the Sage, Yaja Muni for one year. During the same year Pandawas were staying in Waranawat. Yaja Muni could give Drupada a son along with a daughter by one unique experiment. The children were Dhrushtadyumna and Draupadi. When Draupadi came into puberty, Swayamwara[1] was arranged. Draupadi might be, then, a full grown lady of at least 16 years of age. Adi Parva 64 tells that intercourse was never done before sexual maturity.  At this time Krishna & Arjuna were 33 years old.

It is told in the Mahabharata (Adi 186) that Krishna had attended Draupadi’s Swayamwara (selecting the husband herself) and he was accompanied by his valorous son namely Samba. As Samba was full of valour he might be of 16 years in age. Krishna might have married Rukmini at the age of 16, and produced a son, early, so that he could take his adult son aged 16 years for Draupadi’s marriage. Krishna and Arjuna were 33 years of age then. It was not awkward for Arjun, aged 33 years, to marry with a girl of 16, at that ancient time. Because Pandawas were in obscure life phase after ‘Jatu Gruha’ episode, nobody thought of their marriage. Hence it was late for their marriage. Only Bheema had married Hidimba.

Draupadi married five Pandawas in succession on successive days and she used to be a

virgin every next day’, states the Mahabharata in chapter 198 of Adi Parva. It means she had attended puberty and used to copulate with her husband every day. Naturally she was, at least, 16 years old in marriage.

After the marriage with Draupadi, Pandawas stayed at the home of Drupada for one year (Adi.61). So Krishna-Arjuna were 34 years old. Dhrutarashtra invited Pandawas at Hastinapura and offered them half of the kingdom. They took possession of Khandawaprastha. They erected a new city. So at least one year might have elapsed. Then Narada came to meet Pandawas and told them to be careful about Draupadi. Accordingly Pandawas made a contract among themselves that if one brother looks when another was enjoying company of Draupadi, then he should go away in a forest for 12 years (Mahabharata Adi. 212). Some years passed and on one occasion Arjuna by some reason saw Yudhishthira with Draupadi. According to the contract he left for forest life for 12 years. It is not mentioned exactly how many years had passed, but in Sanskrit from three onwards a plural word is used. Therefore we hold that after three years Arjun went in the forest. Therefore he was at the age of 38 years (Adi 213).Only once in Adi 61 it is told that Arjun went into the forest life for 13 months. However, at Adi 212, 213, 214, 221 it is told that he went in forest for 12 years. So we accept 12 years of the forest life for Arjuna. During this period he married Chitrangada and produced a son, stayed with her for 3 years. Then he went away for some period and returned to Chitrangada to give his son to the father of Chitrangada. Thereafter Arjuna came to Dwaraka where he lived for a long period. During this time Arjuna saw Subhadra and fell in love. With the help of her brother Krishna, he married Subhadra. Arjuna was 50 years old when he married Subhadra. Krishna was also 50 years old. Subhadra was in puberty. With Subhadra, Arjuna returned to Indraprastha.

In a few days Arjuna got a son from Subhadra. Thereafter Khandawa forest was set on fire by Krishna and Arjuna. Arjuna helped Mayasura out of the fire. In that obligation Mayasura built ‘Maya Sabha’ (a splendid, marvelous, elusive hall) for Pandawas, in more than 14 months. (Sabha 3). Naturally Krishna and Arjuna were 52 years old.

Then Yudhishthira played dice, Pandawas lost everything and had to go to a forest life of 12 years and obscure life for one year. Thus at the age of 53, Arjuna went into forest life. When Pandawas came to light Arjuna was 65 years complete. That is why he told Uttara that he was using ‘Gandiwa’ Dhanu (a bow prepared from rhinoceros) for 65 years. Actually, Arjuna had got that Gandiwa at 50 years of his age. So 50 + 65 = 115 years appears to be Arjuna’s age; but it is wrong. When a man says that he served for 60 years and retired, it means that at 60 he retired. But if we take that he served for 60 years and had begun service at 18 years then we may take his age 18+60=78, which will be wrong. Similarly Arjuna was of 65 years when he said so.

Abhimanyu was 16 years old when he was killed in a battle. (Adi.67) Arjuna had married Subhadra at 50 and got a son immediately. Therefore during the great war Abhimanyu was 16 years old and Arjuna 65-66 years old. Therefore Krishna was also 65 years old during the Great War.

I have already fixed the date of the beginning of the Mahabharata war as 16th October 5561 BC. (See my English book ‘The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharata War’ or Marathi book ‘Swayambhu’ for all the dates from the Mahabharata.) Hence 65 years earlier during the year 5626 B.C. Krishna might have taken birth on Shravana Vadya Ashtami. I have shown that the places of the various planets at the onset of the war are recorded by Vyasa in the Mahabharata and mathematics shows the positions correct on 16th October 5561 BC. From those positions I calculated backwards and found that during Shravan 5626 BC the Saturn was at 64 degrees, Rahu at 93º, Jupiter at 100º, Mars at 337º, Venus at 82.13º, Uranus at 15º, Neptune at 178º, Pluto 296º. Krishna was born at midnight on Shravan Vadya 8th, so that the Lagna was Vrushabha (Ascendant was Taurus), where the Moon resided. This horoscope explains the life of Krishna precisely.

[1] Swayamvara (Sanskrit: स्वयं‍वर), in ancient India, was a practice of choosing a husband, from among a list of suitors, by a girl of marriageable age.

chart 262

On 16th October 5561 BC it was Margashirsha Amavasya on Uttara Ashadha. It was not on Jyeshtha, as is assumed. I need not go in details of this discussion, readers may refer to my book ‘The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharata War’, where I have fixed the dates of almost sixty incidents from the Mahabharata. From this by calculation I found that on Shravana Krishna 8th it was 23rd May during 5626 BC. One may question about the validity of the month of May relying on the description of the Bhagawata that after the birth of Krishna, his father Vasudeva took him to Gokula, when he had to face torrential rains and flood of Yamuna. Harivansha is an appendix of the Mahabharata and is composed much earlier than the Bhagwata. Harivansha writes that when Vasudeva carried Krishna to Gokula, he could easily cross the river Yamuna, there was no flood. In Gokul dried cowdung was spread all over, trees were being fallen and cut, to be used as fuel in the rainy season. So it was clearly it was Summer at the time of Krishna’s birth. Our date of 23rd May comes in the Summer. So we are correct. Let us tally. On 23rd May 2003 the Sun was at 37.5º. We have to see the Sun of 23rd May 5626 BC i.e. 7629 years ago. Due to the Precession of equinoxes, the Sun recedes by 1º in 72 years, so in 7629 years it has receded by 105.72 degrees. Adding to its present 37.5º, we get the Sun at 143.22º i.e. Purva Nakshatra in Leo. It proves the Shravan Masa.

Yudhishthira was coronated on 16th November 5561 BC, 12 days after the war ended. After 36 years from the coronation of Yudhishthira, Krishna ended his life. (Mousal Parva 1 and 3). Therefore the year of demise of Krishna comes to 5525 BC. He was 102 years old then. This is reflected in his horoscope which shows Saturn in the second house having its full sight on the 8th house of death. The master of the 8th house is Jupiter, which is in the 8th house from the 8th house. So he got long life and the death was somewhat obscure. Krishna died due to a wound on his leg by an arrow. The Mars in the 11th house shows this injury to the leg. The Jupiter, who is governing the house of death, is accompanied by Rahu, therefore a lower caste man became an agent to afflict a wound on the leg of Krishna, causing death.

My estimation of Krishna’s age of 102 years at his death is supported by Shri Vishnu Purana 5/37/18,20. There it is stated that Vayu told him the message of Gods that he had completed 100 years and some more (‘Varshanam Adhikam Shatam’) and so he should return to the heaven.

I have shown above that the demise of Krishna took place during 5525 BC; but in which month or Rutu? (season). There is no evidence found in the Indian literature so far. However, the reference present outside India may help us fix the month or Rutu. In Iraq in 1989 a post ticket is published on which is written ‘Mosal Spring Festival’ under the picture of Lord Krishna. ‘Spring’ means Vasant Rutu. It is a festival celebrated in Spring. Why is it called as ‘Mosal’? I think it has a connection with the ‘Mousal’ havoc played at the time of Krishna’s death. It is well known that a war took place among Yadavas, when many Yadavas were slaughtered. This is narrated in the ‘Mousal’ Parva of the Mahabharata. At that time many Yadavas fled towards the west and might have settled in Iraq. Those Yadavas, who were saved from that ‘Mosal’ massacre, might have celebrated a festival in the memory of that disaster and their coming out safely. That safe retreat might have taken place during Spring, so they celebrate the ‘Spring’ festival. The spring always occupies a period from 21st February to 21st April. From this fact we may say that Krishna might have died during the Spring or Vasant Rutu. There is one support to this assumption. After the coronation, Yudhishthira performed Ashwamedh Yajna, during Vasant Rutu, on Vaishakha Pornima i.e.22nd February 5560 BC. Vyasa might have told the demise of Krishna 36 years from this Yajna. Naturally, it seems that Krishna might have died in Vasant Rutu between 21st February and 20th April of 5525 BC.

                                        How  Did  I   Derive the  Date  from  Tithi ?

I have proved previously that on 16th October 5561 BC there was Amavasya which took place when the Sun was in Uttara Ashadha Nakshatra. We have to consider 5626 BC. On 16th October 1999 the Sun was at 178.66 degrees. We have to go 5626 BC + 1999 AD = 7625 years ago. Due to the precession of equinoxes the Sun recedes 1 degree in 72 years. Therefore during 7625 years it must have receded by 105.9 degrees. The Sun of 16 Oct.1999 was at 178.66º after recedence by 105.9º. Hence adding the two we get 284.5 degrees as the place where the Sun was on 16 Oct. October 5626 BC. This place comes in Makara Rashi. Therefore the Lunar month was Pousha. We have to find out Shravana Krishna 8th Tithi. From Pousha to Shravan there are five months. Therefore from October we have to go five months backwards. Naturally it shows the month of May.

Usually, on Shravana Krishna 8th day the Sun resides near about 136º. The Sun on 16 Oct.5626 BC as seen above was at 284.5º . So deducting 136º from 284.5º, we get 148.5º  by which the Sun had gone forwards from Krishna’s birth. The Sun goes one degree forwards each day. So we have to deduct 148 days from 16 October. It comes to 23-24 May 5626 BC. This is a rough estimate.

Let us tally this.  On 23 May 2003 the Sun was at 37.5 º. We have to see the Sun of 23 May 5626 BC.  It means we have to find the Sun’s place 2003 + 5626 = 7629 years ago. The Sun recedes  due to the precession of equinoxes by one degree in 72 years. With this rate the Sun has receded by 105.72º in 7629 years. Hence 37.5º + 105.72º  = 143.22º is the place of the Sun in Purva Nakshatra, in Leo or Simha Rashi. Thus our calculations appear correct.

I have proved in the book ‘The Scientific Dating of the Mahabharata War’ that the war started on Margashirsha Amavasya with the Sun in Uttara Ashadha, at 270º. We have to go 65 years behind. The Solar year consists of 365.256 days while the Lunar year consists of 354.367 days. Thus there is a deficiency of 10.889 days in the Lunar year. Therefore any Amavasya comes 10.889 days earlier each next year. We are looking in the past, so that the Amavasya would be 10.889 days later.  In 65 years the Amavasya would be 10.889 x 65 = 707.787 days later. Deducting 354.367 days of one lunar year from it we get 353.4 days. It shows that one day is deficient for completing a year. It shows that the Amavasya took place one day earlier on 15 October 5626 BC.

Where did that Amavasya take place? While going in the past the Amavasya comes 10.889 days later each year, which means it appears 10.889 degrees later. During October 5561 BC the Amavasya had happened at Uttara Ashadha Nakshatra at 270º. We have to go back by 65 years. So 65 x 10.889º = 347.78º ahead from the original 270º would be the place of Amavasya. It comes to 617º. Deducting 360º of one cycle we get 257º as the place of Amavasya. This is Purva Ashadha Nakshatra. Therefore the lunar month was Margashirsha. We have to see the Shravana Masa. So we have to go back by 4 months. Each Lunar month consists of 29.53058 days. Multiplying by 4 we get 118.12 º . Deducting 118º   from 257º, we get 139º, where the Sun was at Shravana Amavasya. We have to see Shravana Krishna 8th. It means we have to see the position of 7 Tithis earlier. One Tithi is complete when the Moon goes 12º ahead of the Sun. In 7 Tithis the Moon might have been 12 x 7 = 84º behind the Sun. Therefore deducting 84º from 139º we get 55º as the position of the Moon. But during those 7 days the Sun had traveled 7º which we should subtract from 55º. 55 minus 7 comes to 48º as the place of the Moon. It comes in Rohini Nakshatra.

Thus the Sun was at 132º in Magha Nakshatra, while the Moon was in Rohini Nakshatra at 48º, at the time of Krishna’s birth, on Shravana Krishna 8th, or 23rd May 5626 BC.

The horoscopes of Krishna prepared so far were imaginary. Considering Krishna’s virtues they were prepared, hence were not reliable. Mr. B.V. Raman in ‘Notable Horoscopes’ gives  Krishna’s Birthdate 19-7-3228 BC, and shows the Sun at 139º 48’. From this let us calculate the Sun on 19-7-1997. We have to see 3228+1997=5225 years hence. The rate of precession is 72 years for one degree. So dividing 5225 by 72 we get 72º 34’ precession. Deducting it from 139º 48’, we get 67º 14’ as the Sun’s position; but actually on 19-7-1997 the Sun was at 92º. A mistake of 25º is not tolerable. So his date is wrong in my humble opinion.

chart 263

The Real Horoscope of Shri Krishna, dated 23rd/24th  May 5626 B.C.    Shravana Vadya 8th Lagna – Vrushabha.

II house 3 Mithuna with Venus and Saturn. 

III house Karka Rashi with Jupiter and Rahu.       

IV house Simha, Leo with the Sun.    

V house Kanya with Mercury and Neptune.

IX house Makara with Pluto.

XI house Meena rashi with Mars.

XII house Mesha with Uranus.

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