M.M.MISTRY  B Arch [m s u],   Former, Chief [Planning & Design] BMTPC, New Delhi, 110 011

302, Tanishq, 9-12 Haribhakti Extn. O P Road. Baroda. 390 007. [r] 2313402, [m] 93 2772 6594

‘Vastu Vedha Dosh’ generally Vedha is obstruction to the building and Dosh are defects in plot or building. Vastu Vedha Dosh can also mean defects due to obstruction or workmanship. These are simply listed without offering any elaborated explanation of the terms used by the ancients in ‘VASTUNIGHANTU’ text book, covering the chapter on Vastu Vedha. The first part on the subject has appeared in this magazine dated…..08. 

The defects can be Natural or Man made. Natural defects are recorded in various treatises covering: shape, size and slope of the land or plot, near by hill or ditch, water body or a source of ground water. Vertical obstructions can be a tree, a pole, a building or a temple. Horizontal obstructions such as a road perpendicular or adjacent to the building or a plot, a corner, a wall, a water channel and so on.

Man made defects can be categorized in two: [1] Planning [2] Constructional.

  1. Planning: The type of defects may occur at design stage in respect of orientation of functional spaces, elements and components, design of components, selection of horizontal and vertical dimensions, neighborhood buildings, roads, trees and machines/machinery etc. and shadow of tree or any tall structure.
  2. Constructional: Heights of plinth, rooms, lintels, floors and storey heights; placement of obstructions to the penetration of light and air into the building. The size of columns, beams and roofing components as well orientation of these elements and components such as door sets and window sets. The elements acting as obstructions to vision or are casting shadows at different hours of the day on the building or in the well.

Forty one types of Vedha Dosh are propounded and pointed out. The Vastu Dosh is related to the piece of land-plot and structure erected on it. The chapter on Vedha Dosh emphasizes more on man made obstructions than natural and construction defects occurring during execution work. Vedha Dosh mostly manifests as a combination of more than one error/ Vedha in the plot and structure. Natural Vedha is more powerful than the man-made.

Vedha Dosh can be categorized in to four [a] Horizontal planes: orientation of rooms. Building elements and components and its dimensions [b] Vertical surfaces: building elements and components and its dimensions [c] Apertures: openings like doors, windows, niches, lattices and [d] Screens: walls, trees etc. 

Terminology used in Text, covers very extensive and in depth which shows meticulous study. There by of building defects could be avoided by the Sthapati, Sutradhar, Takshak, Vardhaki and other persons engaged in constructional activities. These are rearranged in sequence of constructional mode of operations. The effort is made to interpret the terminology in right sprit of constructional defects which may occur due to bad workmanship practiced and carried out by the artisans on the site. These are enumerated as under:


1.0 eeZ os/k &okLrq iq:”k MARMA VEDHA- Vastu Purush

1.1 Vastu Purush is metaphysical form of man, adopted in designs of buildings.

1.2 Vastu Purush has five main body parts such as 1.MUKHA- Mouth, 2.HRIDAYA- Heart, 3.NABHI-Navel, 4.GUDA- Anus and 5. STAN- Nipples / Left & Right portion of the Breast. Some authorities have considered SHIRSHA-forehead as the 6th part.

1.3 Placement of any building envelopment or load transferring components or elements like, door-sets, walls, beams or columns are prohibited on these body parts of the Vastu Purush.

2.0 eeZ os/k &okLrq foU;kl  MARMA VEDHA- Vastu Vinyas

2.1 ‘Vastu Mandal of 81 Pada’ is drawn with 9 horizontal and 9 vertical lines, known as Vastu Vinyas.

2.2 The meeting point of horizontal and vertical lines is Sandhi-lave/k. The crossing of horizontal and vertical lines-Marma-eeZ, diagonal junctions of lines-Upa-marma –mi eeZ and cross & junction point of lines are called Maha- marma – egkeeZ.

2.3 Building elements and components such as walls, pillars, beams or door-sets should not be placed on these sensitive points-Sandhi or Marma or Upa-marma of Vastu Vinyas.


3.1 Building not sited to true east- west direction after setting a reference line of North Pole.

4.0 fo”ke in  VISHAMA PADA VEDHA

4.1 The straight and cross lines forming square unit is Pada-in of Vastu Vinyas. These pada are not to right angles

5.0 dks.k os/k KONA VEDHA

5.1 Corner of the plot or building belonging to the adjunct owner comes across the main door.

5.2 Corners or Junctions of building are not in right angles.

5.3 ‘L’ shape road is touching or faced from main entrance door of the house.

6.0 ân; ’kY;  HRIDAYA SHALYA

6.1 A column is located exactly in centre of building or in a room. [Brahma- Nabhi]

6.2 Placement of water pot/body or a fire element is on the naval of Vastu Purush.[ or even on the region of Brahmsthan as per practice]

7.0 inyksi  PADALOPA VEDHA

7.1 Building elements such as Columns or Pillar or Piers are placed on outer side of boundary lines of Pada Vinyas.


8.1 Centre line / Nabhi points of all floors are not coinciding in horizontal planes of the building plan.

8.2 Center Line / Nabhi points of all floors are not coinciding in vertical planes.

8.3 They are staggered in plan and elevation, in one or both directions.

9.0 diky os/k  KAPAL VEDHA

9.1 House has no verandah.

9.2 Residential or non-residential building is without inner court yard.

9.3 Structure on a plot is devoid of front open space.

10.0 leqyk os/k SAMULA VEDHA

10.1 Side wall of building is exceptionally long and rear wall is shorter than front façade wall.

11.0 leqy @ ;epqYyh  SAMUL / YAMACHULLI VEDHA

11.1 Building having width dimension less than depth measurements

11.2 Depth more than width measurements is called Yamchulli.

12.0 vard os/k  ANTAK VEDHA

12.1 Width of house / building on left side has more and right side less width.

12.2 Two adjoining houses or buildings having different widths, creates Vedha.

13.0 ekufgu @ ekukf/kd   MANA HIN / MANA ADHIK VEDHA

13.1 Building dimensions are too small in comparison of ratios, or

13.2 Building dimensions too large in comparison to specified ratios of dimensions in Vastu Shastra.

14.0 nh?kZ @ g~Lo eku  DIRGHA / HRASVA MANA VEDHA

14.1 Building width measurements are larger/smaller than prescribed dimensions.

14.2Building depth measurements are larger/smaller than linear measurements as specified in SHASTRA-Treatises.

15.0 dqf’kn   KUKSHID VEDHA

15.1 Two buildings have different dimensions in row.

15.2 Adjoining building height, width and length dimension differs.

16.0 LraHk os/k   STHABHA VEDHA

16.1 Columns are not located on appropriate ‘Pada’- square unit of Vastu Vinyas.

16.2 The size of columns in same row is different.

16.3The columns are without pedestal/ base.

16.4 The columns in the same row are not located in the center line on the floor.

16.5 Column /piers location is falling on the center line of opposite door opening.

17.0 foÔe LraHk os/k   VISHAM STAMBH VEDHA

17.1 The row of Columns / Pillars / Piers is in odd numbers on width dimension of a house/ building or a temple.

17.2 Even numbers of pillars / piers can be on depth / longer side has no Dosh.


18.0 ry@eku os/k   TALA VEDHA / MANA

18.1 Floor level or plinth height of Alind/ Verandah or Mandap is more than the reference height of plinth line for a house or a building or a Gharbha Gruh of temple. [Sanctum Sanctorum]

18.2 Top surface of the Column Pedestal/Base or Door Threshold vertical height is not in one level.

18.3 Horizontally, column bases or thresholds are not centered with reference line.

18.4 Building height is more in East direction and less in West side.

This is known as PAVADOSH.

18.5 Top surface level of column capitols not uniform is a TALAMANA.

18.6 Plot / Site level is lower than surrounding level of land or,

18.7 The surrounding land level is higher than building site.

This is called as SARVATALA Vedha.

19.0 le os/k SAMA VEDHA

19.1 Storey height of all floors is uniform in multi-storeyed building.

19.2 Upper floor level, storey height should be 1/12 times less than lower floor storey height.

20.0 mfPNªr os/k UCHCHHITA VEDHA

20.1 Height of front, middle and rear door of building is large, medium and small.

20.2Lintel height of door openings differs in the building.

21.0 ry @ rkyq os/k TAL / TALU VEDHA

21.1 Top member of the door-sets, window-sets or Niches frame- head are not placed uniformly on lintel reference line of a house or a building or a temple.

21.2 Wooden beams and planks are not placed uniformly in reference line of storey height for a room.

21.3The different size of planks such as thin and thick or up and down placement in a room is known as TAL VEDHA.

21.4 Adoption of variable heights for lintel in the same building is TALU VEDHA.

22.0 rqyk os/k   TULA VEDH

22.1 The sub beam or joists placed over main beam has no supporting pillar underneath of the junction.

22.2 The number and size of wooden beams / Joists on each floor level differs.

22.3 The size of these Joists / beams is not in proportionate measurements as laid in texts.

22.4 Main beam placed over the head of door which is in center line of opening.

22.5 In case of thatch roof, ridge beam or rafters or purlin happen to be over the head and middle of door opening

22.6 The size of wooden main and sub beams or joists, non uniform and placement up and down is known as SARVA TULA VEDHA.

23.0 rkyq os/k TALU VEDHA

23.1 Wooden beams in a room are placed up and down – not in level to reference line of floor height.

[C] APERTURES: Openings- Doors and Windows, Jallis and Niches

24.0 n`f”V os/k DRISTHI VEDHA

24.1 House owner/users are not able to see front portion of the house/ building or ground or court yard from inside or from out side.

24.2 The door height of the opposite house is too low or too high in comparison to door height of the Main building.

24.3 The size and location of door for a temple is not conforming to the rules of Vastu Sastra.

24.4 The building components such as doors and windows look awful or create uneasiness or irritation at first sight.

24.5 The main door of the house or a building is exactly opposite to main door of other’s house.

24.6 The main door height of building is half than the height of door of the opposite house/ building.

24.7 Occupants are able to see activities performed in opposite house or building. Privacy denied is SARVA DRISTHI VEDHA DOSH.

25.0 ekxZ / ohFkh os/k   MARGA/ VITHI VEDHA

2.1 Right of way through main house or plot to the owner of property located on rear side.

25.2 Road or lane is located in front forming right angle to the center of the main door opening.

25.3 Two houses or buildings or plots are served by a dead end road or a road which is at right angle,  called SARVA MARGA VEDHA.

26.0 o`{k os/k  VRIKSHA VEDHA

26.1 Tree is located across on a right angle of main entrance door opening.

26.2 Forbidden trees identified by texts are located very near to the building or house or on a plot.

26.3 Existing trees having residence of ghost or goblins or trees having sway of sprit

26.4 ihiy&Pipal, beyh-Tamarind-Emali or ckoG &Babul trees are planted near by the house or building or on a plot.

27.0 }kj os/k DWAR VEDHA

27.1 Main door is positioned in centre of the facade wall.

27.2 Door opening is in the mid of wall’s width of the rooms.

27.3 Rear or side wall of building has a door opening.

27.4 Door, window or grille frames are not installed uniformly in the cross section of jambs of the same wall. These differ on face, in centre or back in cross section of the wall.

27.5 Column or right angle of turning road or machine or small temple is located in front of the main door. It is called SARVA DWAR VEDHA

28.0 Loj os/k SWAR VEDHA

28.1 Noise created from door shutter.

28.2 Unwarranted sound in any part or portion of the building.

29.0   dhy os/k KIL VEDHA

29.1 Nail-wooden or steel fixed over the middle of door sets in between space of ceiling and head.

29.2 Roof truss over the center line of door opening.

30.0 xt nar   GAJADANT VEDHA

30.1 Wooden peg location in between the space of bottom ceiling and above the lintel.

31.0 f’kjks @ diky   SHIRO / KAPAL VEDHA

31.1 Wooden main beam or Sub beam of floor is placed exactly over the centre of door opening or a top member of door.

32.0 Hkze os/k   BHRAMA VEDHA

32.1 Any kind of machines such as water mill or oil mill driven by animal is in front of the main door.

33.0 fniky; os/k DIPALAYA VEDHA

33.1 Lamp niche on right side of the door shutter/opening is not in the line with locking arrangement.

34.0 dwi os/k   KUP VEDHA

34.1 Well exactly on the center line of main door opening.

35.0 nsoLFkku@ LFkkud   DEVSTHAN VEDHA

35.1 Small temple exactly on the centre line of main door opening.

35.2 God or Deity temple in accordance to prescribed direction in SHASTRA, but the building facade is exactly in opposite direction.

36.0 foHkze os/k   VIBHRAMA VEDHA

36.1 Door opening is only on one of the longer wall of a house or a building or a temple.


37.0 Fkj Hkax os/k  THAR BHANG VEDHA

37.1 Brick masonry or stone Ashlars work layers are not in a level or in the line.

37.2 Brick masonry or stone Ashlars work horizontal joints are uneven in layers.

38.0 Jsf”V Hkax @ Hkax os/k SHRESTHI BHANG VEDHA

38.1 Brick or stone or block size or courses and layers are broken and non uniform in the building or temple.

38.2 Vertical joints of Masonry or Ashlars work are uneven and non uniform.

39.0 x`g la?kë os/k GRIH SANDHATTA VEDHA

39.1 Two buildings or Twin houses have a longitudinal common wall.

40.0 [kkfnd@ [kknd os/k   KHADAKA / KHADIK VEDHA

40.1 Two buildings have a common rear wall.

41.0   Nk;k os/k  CHHAYA VEDHA

41.1 Tree casts the shadow on house or a building.

41.2 Flag of temple or temple casts shadow on the house / building.

41.3 Shadow of house or building or temple or tree falling in the well before 0900 hours and after 1500 hours is SARVA CHHAYA VEDHA DOSH.

Besides providing Sukha and Suvidha to the occupants of the building, the Vastu experts were also concerned with a best quality in carpentry and masonry workmanship and also building designs free from natural Vedha Dosh. They desired perfection in designs and execution of buildings. Defects were visualized and anticipated during construction. Therefore, Vedha Dosh may be called as ‘Code of practice for building construction’. It is relevant in present day also with change of materials and construction technology.

Ancient Acharyas have formulated these Vedha Dosh Norms for quality control in designs and workmanship employed in construction of the buildings whether it is meant for Gods or Mankind.

Nature –the Eco –cosmos systems are in mutually balanced state. The Vedic expression is being ‘Purna’- iq.kZ completeness. Vastu is extension of nature to house man. It has been a deep endeavor of the ancients not to commit any act of error or obstructions. Vastu Vedha Dosh forms a vary important aspect of ‘Sthaptya’ Veda

ETI SUBHAM               

[Attached Diagrams are prepared on AutoCAD 2007 Place it at appropriate Para.]

Continue: 3

Sent to Saptashri on 030608

3M080429, 3M080509, 3M080518, 3M080523.3M080527

Related Posts