View point Prof. P. S. Shastri, M.A., PH.D., D.Litt


House of the Father


In western astrology, the 10th house is supposed to represent the father. It appears to be logical as it is the 7th from the 4th, the latter indicating the mother. In the Indian system however, the 9th is said to refer to the father.

Parasara states –

Navama pi pitur jnanam

Suryacca navama thava (7.39)


9th from lagna and 9th from sun indicate everything about the father. But in chapter 12 there is a significant verse –

Rajyam chaakaasha vrittim cha

Maanam chaiva pitru statha

Praavaasasya runasyaapi

Vyomasthaa naa

Nireekshayeth (12.11)


From the 10th house examine profession, rulership, honor, fame, father, travels, debts and so on.


Jaimini can be helpful in determining the house of the father. The Sutra 3.3.88 states –

Maata pitrohu dwiteeyaha


The 2nd from the 2nd is the house of death for the parents. This is the 3rd house. It is the 12th from the 4th and 7th from the 9th. This seems to imply that the house indicating the father is the 9th. But Jaimini appears to assign the 9th for both the parents.

In Sutra 119 of the same third pada we read:

Moortitwe paripaataabhyaam

Jananyaayushi tatra paripake


The longevity of the mother is to judged from the 9th and from the lagna. The death of the mother is to be considered in the Dasa period of these houses. The 9th happens to be the 6th from matristhana; and lagna is the 10th from it. In the same way if we take the 10th to be the fathers house, the 3rd as per sutra 3.3.88 will be 6th from it. We are again in a fix.


Why should parasara in 12.11 ask us to read about the father from the 10th. We know that the 10th is the karma sthana, the house of kamas, the funeral rites are as well included in karma. We have to accept the 10th as the maraka house of the mother, since it is the 7th from the 4th. Similarily it’s the 2nd form the 9th. Jaimini creates confusion in 2.2.5 which reads.

Tadbhaaveshe spashtabale

If the lord of the 8th from the lords of the father and mother is powerful, he kills the parent in the Dasa of the rasi concerned. The sutra 3.3.119 makes lagna and the 9th to be the marakas of the parents.


One thing stands clear, even parasara admits that the 9th is the house of the father. Yet he includes the 10th. Jaimini appears to accept the 10th.   The house of the partner from the 4th (mother) is the 10th, and of the 9th (father) it is the 4th. This seems to be a logically valid position.


Satyachara who is referred to as Satyakriti also by Bhoja in his Raja Martanda and elsewhere, also takes the 9th for the father. He is referred to as Bhadanta by Varahamira in the longevity chapter. The printed text has the wrong word Bhadata. He was a Buddhist.


Jataka Parijata refers to the 5th as the father’s house (13.1). Uttarkalamrita (5.7) assigns the 9th to parental wealth (Pitri-sva) and the 10th to the mother (5.18).


The more one refers to the texts, the more one is made to think, to cogitate. It is safer to take the 9th and the 10th as well as to be the houses of father. Only then we do not run counter to Parasara’s statement. – 149.88